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Table 1 Key literature findings on the impact of the SLCP on labor migration

From: Payments for ecological restoration and internal migration in China: the sloping land conversion program in Ningxia

Reference Studied zone Year of investigation Data Method Key findings on labor migration
Uchida et al. (2007 ) Sichuan, Shaanxi, Gansu 2003 1999, 2002; 359 households Household level PSM / DD No significant program impact on change in labor allocation into off-farm work or migration.
Uchida et al. (2009 ) Sichuan, Shaanxi, Gansu 2003 & 2005 1999, 2002, 2004; 270 households Individual level DD / matching Participating households more likely to shift to off-farm labor, thanks to liquidity constraint relaxation. Stronger impact for young and educated individuals.
Groom et al. (2010 ) Ningxia, Guizhou 2004 1999, 2003; 286 households Household level Switching regression & DD Heterogeneous impact across households / A positive program impact on labor reallocation towards local off-farm work, but a negative impact on migration.
Yao et al. (2010 ) Shaanxi, Gansu 2007 1999, 2006 600 households Household level DD Significant positive impact of program participation on the transfer of farming labor to off-farm activities.