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Table 1 The reasons for non-naturalising – evidence from Brande Kehre and Stalidzane ( 2003 ) and Secretariat of the Special Assignment Minister for Social Integration ( 2008 )

From: From immigrants to (non-)citizens: political economy of naturalisations in Latvia

2003 : Why don’t you use the possibility to naturalise? % of respondents
1) I consider that I have an automatic right to Latvian citizenship 34%
2) I hope that the process of naturalisation will be simplified 26%
3) It is easier to travel to the CIS countries 26%
4) I think that I will not be able to pass the Latvian language exam 24%
5) I do not feel the necessity 22%
6) I think that I will not be able to pass the Latvian history exam 21%
7) I do not have money to pay the fee 20%
8) I do not have time to do the necessary formalities 18%
9) I consider that the process of naturalisation is humiliating 18%
10) I feel it is difficult to start the naturalisation process 11%
11) I want to be/am a citizen of another country 4%
12) It is difficult to get to the Naturalisation Board office 3%
2007 : The reasons why you do not plan to acquire Latvian citizenship % of respondents
a) I do not see the necessity 44%
b) Insufficient knowledge of Latvian 37%
c) I do not have time to do the necessary formalities 29%
d) Insufficient knowledge of Latvian history 24%
e) I consider that the process of naturalisation is humiliating 21%
f) I do not have enough information about the naturalisation process 20%
g) I do not feel belonging to the Latvian state 17%
h) Latvian citizenship will complicate travelling to Russia and other CIS countries 10%
i) I want to acquire citizenship of another state 6%
  1. Note: Answers in the upper panel are from Brande Kehre and Stalidzane ( 2003), based on survey conducted in 2003, 6825 respondents; answers in the lower panel are from Secretariat of the Special Assignment Minister for Social Integration ( 2008), based on survey conducted in 2007, 112 respondents (the non-citizens who do not plan to acquire citizenship).