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Table 1 Descriptive Statistics – male immigrants aged 21 to 64

From: Immigrant over- and under-education: the role of home country labour market experience

  Cohort 1 Cohort 2
  Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 1 Wave 2
Age 34.25 35.11 35.27 36.42
No. of adults in household 2.81 2.43 2.60 2.36
No. of children in household 1.55 1.48 1.56 1.49
Education: Postgraduate 0.22 0.23 0.28 0.27
Education: Bachelor 0.23 0.22 0.25 0.21
Education: Diploma/Certificate 0.21 0.21 0.21 0.21
Education: Completed secondary or trade 0.23 0.23 0.21 0.24
Education: Some secondary or less 0.12 0.11 0.06 0.07
FHC: English Speaking OECD 0.20 0.19 0.24 0.22
FHC: Non-English Speaking OECD 0.13 0.12 0.15 0.13
FHC: South, East, South East Asia & Oceania 0.36 0.35 0.38 0.40
FHC: Sub-Saharan Africa 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.09
FHC: Other 0.23 0.26 0.14 0.15
Qualification assessed 0.33 0.39 0.30 0.30
Self-employment 0.07 0.10 0.11 0.17
Interview in English 0.73 0.79 0.84 0.87
Visited Australia before immigration 0.48 0.45 0.65 0.62
Visa type: Preferential Family/Family Stream 0.26 0.25 0.32 0.33
Visa type: Concessional Family/Skilled-Austr. Link 0.21 0.21 0.15 0.15
Visa type: Business Skills & Empl. Nom. Scheme 0.17 0.17 0.21 0.22
Visa type: Independent 0.23 0.23 0.24 0.20
Visa type: Humanitarian 0.13 0.13 0.08 0.09
HH owns car 0.71 0.85 0.67 0.83
Occup in AU: Managers & Administrators 0.13 0.13 0.15 0.15
Occup in AU: Professionals 0.31 0.28 0.37 0.32
Occup in AU: Para-Professionals 0.03 0.04 0.10 0.13
Occup in AU: Tradespersons 0.20 0.21 0.17 0.16
Occup in AU: Clerks 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.02
Occup in AU: Salespersons & Pers. Serv. Workers 0.07 0.07 0.10 0.09
Occup in AU: Plant & Machine Operators & Drivers 0.06 0.09 0.06 0.08
Occup in AU: Labourers & Related Workers 0.17 0.17 0.04 0.05
Educ. mismatch AU: Unemployed 0.36 0.20 0.21 0.11
Educ. mismatch AU: Over-educated 0.12 0.16 0.13 0.16
Educ. mismatch AU: Correctly matched 0.39 0.50 0.51 0.52
Educ. mismatch AU: Under-educated 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.21
Educ. mismatch FHC: Not working 0.11 0.11 0.10 0.12
Educ. mismatch FHC: Over-educated 0.08 0.08 0.10 0.08
Educ. mismatch FHC: Correctly matched 0.56 0.57 0.59 0.57
Educ. mismatch FHC: Under-educated 0.24 0.25 0.21 0.23
Region of residence: New South Wales 0.41 0.43 0.39 0.36
Region of residence: Victoria 0.26 0.25 0.24 0.24
Region of residence: Queensland 0.11 0.11 0.09 0.11
Region of residence: South Australia 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
Region of residence: Western Australia 0.12 0.12 0.14 0.15
Region of residence: Tasmania 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02
Region of residence: Northern Territory 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Region of residence: A.C.T. 0.02 0.02 0.05 0.05
No. of observations 2,127 2,011 921 907
  1. Note: FHC stands for “Formal Home Country”.