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Table 1 Composition of immigrants to Sweden and Swedish immigration and refugee policy 1910-1970

From: Human capital transmission and the earnings of second-generation immigrants in Sweden

Point in time: Immigration and refugee policy Type of immigration Major source countries
1910-1940 Restrictive policy against immigrants and refugees from 1917 onwards Return migration from North America and immigrants from the Nordic countries Nordic countries. Return migrants from North America
1940’s Less restrictive refugee policy due to the Second World War Refugee immigration due to the second world war Nordic countries and countries in Eastern Europe
1950’s The common Nordic labor market 1954 Low educated labor force migration Finland, other Nordic countries, Italy, Greece
Collective labor force conveyance with recruitment campaigns High educated labor force migration Western Europe
  Refugee migration Hungary
The 1953 Work Regulation of the OEEC which gave non- Nordic immigrants the right to enter Sweden individually and then apply for a work permit and the Alien Act of 1953 which gave foreigners resident in Sweden legal protection and security in the country.   
The Geneva convention of 1951 regarding different classifications of refugees.   
1960’s Restriction that non-Nordic immigrants must arrange for visas, employment and residence before entering Sweden. Low educated labor force migration Finland, other Nordic countries, Yugoslavia
   Refugee migration Czechoslovakia