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Table 5 Differences in log earnings between male first-generation immigrants and native comparison groups in 1975 and 1980 (pooled data) and difference in earnings between male second-generation immigrants and native comparison groups in 1997, 1998 and 1999 (pooled data)

From: Human capital transmission and the earnings of second-generation immigrants in Sweden

No. Father’s region of birth Differences in log earnings between male immigrants and native matched individuals Differences in log earnings between male immigrants and all natives Differences in log earnings between male second-generation immigrants and their native matched individuals Differences in log earnings between male second-generation immigrants and all natives
1 Finland -0.032 -0.029 0.012 0.004
2 Other Nordic countries -0.050 -0.082 0.038 0.026
3 Former Yugoslavia -0.092 -0.105 -0.175 -0.184
4 Greece -0.149 -0.223 -0.399 -0.377
5 Italy -0.049 -0.067 -0.024 -0.063
6 Turkey -0.262 -0.248 -0.232 -0.305
7 Baltic States -0.014 0.021 0.138 0.153
8 Soviet Union -0.015 -0.120 0.048 0.061
9 Czechoslovakia -0.063 0.002 0.038 0.047
10 Hungary -0.090 -0.062 -0.071 -0.065
11 Poland -0.184 -0.188 0.087 0.031
12 Germany -0.005 0.002 0.079 0.087
13 France -0.205 -0.152 -0.103 -0.096
14 United Kingdom -0.077 -0.006 -0.111 -0.103
15 The Netherlands -0.063 -0.048 0.063 0.123
16 The Middle East -0.276 -0.200 -0.251 -0.295
17 Africa -0.284 -0.193 -0.225 -0.359
18 Asia -0.090 0.002 -0.019 -0.024
19 Latin America -0.141 -0.094 0.238 0.086
20 United States and Canada -0.041 -0.092 0.047 0.060
Average difference   -0.050   0.016
Pooled groups
1 Nordic countries -0.038 -0.047 0.022 0.014
2 Southern Europe and Turkey -0.103 -0.123 -0.160 -0.182
3 Eastern Europe -0.065 -0.047 0.060 0.060
4 Western Europe, US and Canada -0.026 -0.001 0.059 0.069
5 Africa and Middle East -0.280 -0.196 -0.236 -0.342
6 Latin America and Asia -0.108 -0.020 0.078 0.015
Average difference   -0.050   0.016