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Table 1 Effects of immigrants on natives working schedules

From: Do immigrants squeeze natives out of bad schedules? Evidence from Italy

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
LS, log (Foreign Population) ‐0.019*** ‐0.017*** ‐0.016** ‐0.016*** ‐0.013*** ‐0.013***
  (0.003) (0.003) (0.007) (0.004) (0.004) (0.005)
2SLS, log (Foreign Population) ‐0.016*** ‐0.014*** ‐0.026** ‐0.020*** ‐0.016*** ‐0.016***
  (0.004) (0.005) (0.013) (0.005) (0.005) (0.005)
log (Total Population) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Individual & household characteristics No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Trimester FE No No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Year FE No No Yes No No No
Region FE No No Yes No No No
Region‐Year FE No No No Yes Yes Yes
Sector No No No Yes Yes Yes
Province Characteristics as of 1995 No No No Yes Yes Yes
Occupation No No No No Yes Yes
Past non‐standard schedule as of 1994 No No No No No Yes
Observations 684,530 684,530 684,530 684,530 684,530 684,530
Mean of Dep. Var. 0.28      
Standard errors in parentheses  
*** p<0.01, ** p<0.05, * p<0.1  
  1. Notes: The sample considered is the overall working age population (15‐64) employed at the time of the interview. All the estimates are weighted using the weights provided in the LFS. The dependent variable is the probability of working at non‐standard hours. The measure of immigrant concentration is the logarithm of foreign population (mean 9.78, s.d. 1.08) as defined in the Data Section. Standard errors are clustered at the province level. The data sources are LFS (2006‐2008 and 1994), Municipal Records (2006‐2008), ISTAT Province Accounts (1995) and Minister of Interior for Residence Permits issued at the province level as of 1995.