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Table 9 Alternative measures of foreign population, 2SLS

From: Do immigrants squeeze natives out of bad schedules? Evidence from Italy

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
Geographic Unit of Analysis Province Province Province LLM LLM
Source for FP MR LFS MR MR MR
log (Foreign Population) ‐0.020*** ‐0.021*** ‐0.014 ‐0.054*** ‐0.044
  (0.006) (0.006) (0.049) (0.003) (0.033)
log (Total Population) in Province YES YES YES NO NO
log (Total Population) in LLM NO NO NO YES YES
Individual and household characteristics YES YES YES YES YES
Sectoral Dummies YES YES YES YES YES
Trimester FE YES YES YES YES YES
Region‐Year FE YES YES NO YES NO
Province FE NO NO YES NO YES
Year FE NO NO YES NO YES
Province Characteristics as of 1995 YES YES NO YES NO
Observations 684,530 684,530 684,530 684,530 684,530
Standard errors in parentheses
*** p<0.01, ** p<0.05, * p<0.1
  1. Notes: The sample considered is the overall working age population (15‐64) employed at the time of the interview. All estimates follow the baseline specification (see col.4, Table 1). Standard errors are clustered at the geographic unit of analysis. The data sources are LFS (2006‐2008), Municipal Records (MR, 2006‐2008), ISTAT Province Accounts (1995) and Minister of Interior for Residence Permits issued at the province level as of 1995.