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Table 5 Estimation results: coefficients of Indian interactions with the independent variables

From: Missing women in the United Kingdom

Dataset Used : UK general household survey India NFHS
Dependent variable: Third child: Boy (1) Second child: Boy (2) Family size (3) Third child: Boy (4)
University −0.234** 0.019 −0.486*** −0.091*
(0.109) (0.046) (0.113) (0.044)
Secondary −0.095 0.062** 0.011 −0.0076
(0.094) (0.027) (0.035) (0.017)
Never-schooled 0.288** 0.028 0.349*** −0.0042
(0.137) (0.046) (0.121) (0.014)
Employed −0.065 0.019 −0.070  
(0.116) (0.037) (0.090)  
Wealthy 0.122 0.065* 0.500*** 0.014
(0.098) (0.038) (0.078) (0.011)
Constant −0.071 −0.076** −0.040 0.012
(0.068) (0.034) (0.128) (0.014)
Mixed gender interactions
University 0.214    0.119**
(0.148)    (0.052)
Secondary 0.062    0.021
(0.136)    (0.020)
Never-schooled −0.327**    0.013
(0.160)    (0.018)
Employed 0.046    
(0.155)    
Wealthy −0.027    −0.0086
(0.142)    (0.014)
Constant 0.013    0.0019
(0.098)    (0.017)
All girls interactions
University 0.440*** 0.032   0.223***
(0.112) (0.078)   (0.054)
Secondary 0.178 −0.086   0.037*
(0.178) (0.062)   (0.022)
Never-schooled −0.124 −0.0091   0.011
(0.213) (0.066)   (0.020)
Employed 0.052 −0.031   
(0.091) (0.051)   
Wealthy −0.261* −0.035   0.023
(0.151) (0.071)   (0.016)
Constant `0.203** 0.031   0.0059
(0.103) (0.060)   (0.018)
  1. Notes: The coefficients for columns 1–3 should be interpreted as the difference in the probability of a male birth at a given parity between an Indian and an English household, conditional on all previous births. It is important to note that for column 4 the coefficients represent directly the preferences and not the difference from other ethnic groups. Regional and time dummy variables are included but not reported for brevity. Marginal effects are reported for all models (and standard errors associated with the marginal effects). Ethnicity-Region-clustered (for columns 1–3), heteroskedastic-robust standard errors are given in parentheses. *, ** and *** denote significance at 10%, 5% and 1% level respectively.