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Table 2 Average immigration flows

From: The effects of international migration on the well-being of native populations in Europe

Country Average immigration inflows (thousands) 2 Standard deviation (SD)
Germany 614.81 44.303
Spain 537.299 235.503
United Kingdom 364.587 88.889
Italy 314.151 137.651
Russian Federation 234.319 88.249
Turkey 162.945 13.63
France 122.328 19.728
Switzerland 108.477 23.598
Austria 86.916 11.781
Netherlands 82.605 14.641
Belgium 77.771 16.791
Sweden 58.026 19.035
Ireland 50.709 23.563
Czech Republic 47.205 30.71
Portugal 42.273 39.414
Norway 37.15 12.79
Poland 31.689 9.585
Israel 31.388 20.638
Denmark 24.616 6.168
Hungary 23.003 4.835
Cyprus 16.815 4.053
Bulgaria 14.482 8.626
Slovenia 14.038 9.59
Luxembourg 13.1 2.019
Finland 12.828 4.038
Slovak Republic 8.836 4.608
  1. 1Data are taken from OECD (2012) unless otherwise noted.
  2. 2Annual immigration flows for each country are calculated by taking the average of annual immigration flows over the period of 1999–2009. Immigration data for Cyprus received from Eurostat (2013).