Skip to main content

Table 5 Benchmark results: regression of happiness on immigration flows

From: The effects of international migration on the well-being of native populations in Europe

  (1)
  Happiness
Immigration Variables
Ln (Immflow1YearLag) 0.589*** [0.190]
Ln (Immflow2YearLag) -0.747*** [0.248]
[Ln (Immflow1YearLag)]^2 -0.0143*** [0.00473]
[Ln (Immflow2YearLag)]^2 0.0913*** [0.0321]
Macro Controls
EU 0.226** [0.0901]
Real GDP Growth Rate 0.0624** [0.0251]
Unemployment Rate -0.0211 [0.0132]
Demographic Controls
Age -0.0655*** [0.00636]
Age^2 0.000678*** [0.000059]
Ln(Real Income) 1.021*** [0.312]
[Ln(Real Income)]^2 -0.0381** [0.0181]
Bad Health 0.876*** [0.119]
Fair Health 1.636*** [0.120]
Good Health 2.197*** [0.125]
Very Good Health 2.694*** [0.136]
Female 0.134*** [0.0294]
Married 0.537*** [0.0443]
Separated -0.392*** [0.0832]
Divorced -0.147*** [0.0403]
Widow -0.166** [0.0702]
Years of Education 0.0179*** [0.00528]
Child At Home -0.0401 [0.0277]
Ln(Religiosity) 0.272*** [0.0387]
Year Fixed Effects  
Country Fixed Effects  
Intercept -1.447 [1.602]
N 143375  
R-Squared 0.226  
  1. *Statistically Significant at the 10.0% Level.
  2. **Statistically Significant at the 5.0% Level.
  3. ***Statistically Significant at the 1.0% Level.
  4. Clustered Heteroskedasticity-Robust Standard Errors in Brackets.