Skip to main content

Table 1 Descriptive statistics (Mean)

From: The earnings of immigrants and the quality adjustment of immigrant human capital

Variable Whole population Natives Immigrants
Age 40.37 39.67 45.81
Potential experience 20.7 20.15 25.14
Years of schooling 13.66 13.52 14.66
Wages & salaries 43,322.85 43,694 40,439
Single 32.63 35.68 9.64
Separated 10.78 11.19 7.89
Married 56.07 52.63 81.85
New found land 1.78 2 0.17
Prince Edward 0.48 0.54 0.05
Nova Scotia 3.11 3.46 0.59
New Brunswick 2.69 3.01 0.32
Quebec 25.53 27.20 13.18
Ontario 36.26 33.33 57.72
Saskatchewan 3.06 3.39 0.69
Alberta 11.16 11.52 8.51
British Columbia 11.93 11.33 16.28
Manitoba 3.67 3.86 2.35
English/French is mother tongue 87.54 95.82 27.83
Working in unskilled occupations 74.56 75.44 68.69
Immigration period 1990-2001    53.88
Immigration period 1980-1989    22.80
Immigration period 1970-1979    17.57
Immigration period 1960-1969    5.76
Observations 5,797,356 5,117,249 680,107
  1. Source: Canadian 2001 census. With the exception of age, years of schooling, wages & salaries and potential total experience which are continuous variables, the mean of all other variables represent the percentage of individuals belonging to each sub-category. All statistics are weighted using the sampling weights available in the census.