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Table 2 Estimates for the schooling quality production function

From: The earnings of immigrants and the quality adjustment of immigrant human capital

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
Educational inputs      
Pupil- Teacher ratio at primary schools −0.0372 −0.0263 −0.0247 −0.0265 −0.0340
  (0.0279) (0.0468) (0.0305) (0.0470) (0.0317)
Log real government educational expenditure per pupil at primary schools 0.346 0.389 0.447 0.336 0.550***
  (0.239) (0.612) (0.424) (0.584) (0.159)
Number of school days per year at primary schools 0.0220* 0.0219* 0.0257 0.0220 0.0412***
  (0.0123) (0.0123) (0.0162) (0.0228) (0.0120)
Log real salary of primary school teachers   0.194   0.611  
   (0.646)   (0.623)  
Parental factors      
Average years of schooling    0.177 0.142 0.0607
    (0.159) (0.165) (0.160)
Log real per capita GDP    −0.296 −0.527  
    (0.435) (0.367)  
Constant 0.685 −1.638 0.924 −1.041 −6.314*
  (3.217) (4.592) (4.586) (6.779) (3.310)
  1. Standard errors in parentheses, *** p<0.01, ** p<0.05, * p<0.1. Under Model 5, schooling quality production function was estimated using weighted least squares, with the number of individuals from each source country is used as a weight.