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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of immigrants’ social assistance spells and ALMP participation

From: The effects of active labour market policies for immigrants receiving social assistance in Denmark

  Social assistance spells ALMP spells Duration of ALMP subspells (months) Duration of spell until start of ALMP (months) Spells with employment destination
  N per cent per cent Mean SD Mean SD N per cent
Females and males          
Social assistance spells with ALMPs 25,541 38.3 100.0 5.8 6.1 13.4 15.3 6,664 26
 - Employment with wage subsidy 1,893 2.8 7.4 5.3 4.2 8.6 10.2 959 51
 - Direct employment programme 6,814 10.2 26.7 5.7 6.0 11.2 13.1 2,273 33
 - Other programmes 16,834 25.2 65.9 5.9 6.3 14.8 16.4 3,432 20
Social assistance spells with no ALMP 41,227 61.7       15,916 39
All 66,768 100.0   5.8 6.1 13.4 15.3 22,580 34
Females      
Social assistance spells with ALMPs 11,802 37.8 100.0 6.3 6.3 16.2 17.5 2,575 22
 - Employment with wage subsidy 573 1.8 4.9 5.4 4.2 8.5 10.1 278 49
 - Direct employment programme 2,958 9.5 25.1 6.2 6.1 13.1 14.9 953 32
 - Other programmes 8,271 26.5 70.1 6.4 6.5 17.9 18.4 1,344 16
Social assistance spells with no ALMP 19,413 62.2       5,984 31
All 31,215 100.0   6.3 6.3 16.2 17.5 8,559 27
Males      
Social assistance spells with ALMPs 13,739 38.6 100.0 5.3 5.9 10.9 12.7 4,089 30
 - Employment with wage subsidy 1,320 3.7 9.6 5.2 4.3 8.7 10.2 681 52
 - Direct employment programme 3,856 10.8 28.1 5.3 5.9 9.8 11.3 1,320 34
 - Other programmes 8,563 24.1 62.3 5.3 6.0 11.7 13.6 2,088 24
Social assistance spells with no ALMP 21,814 61.4       9,932 46
All 35,553 100.0   5.3 5.9 10.9 12.7 14,021 39