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Table 7 Estimated parameters for controls in the hazard rate to employment

From: The effects of active labour market policies for immigrants receiving social assistance in Denmark

            Females           Males
          Coeff.          SE           Coeff.          SE  
Years since migration: 5-9 0.276 0.038 *** 0.134 0.029 ***
Years since migration: 10-19 0.008 0.053   −0.102 0.040 ***
Years since migration: 20- −0.126 0.050 *** −0.092 0.038 ***
From Turkey −0.455 0.063 *** −0.228 0.049 ***
From Europe (except former Yugoslavia) −0.353 0.060 *** −0.322 0.048 ***
From Africa (except Somalia) −0.360 0.067 *** −0.267 0.051 ***
From Somalia −0.971 0.071 *** −0.532 0.048 ***
From American countries −0.176 0.094 * −0.275 0.092 ***
From Afghanistan −0.574 0.124 *** −0.249 0.076 ***
From Iraq −0.851 0.076 *** −0.458 0.044 ***
From Iran −0.253 0.075 *** −0.176 0.052 ***
From Sri Lanka 0.226 0.077 *** 0.057 0.065  
From other Asian countries −0.119 0.062 * −0.170 0.056 ***
From Pakistan −0.676 0.084 *** −0.135 0.063 **
From Libanon −0.998 0.084 *** −0.485 0.052 ***
From other countries −0.588 0.082 *** −0.388 0.056 ***
Family reunified to a refugee −0.262 0.058 *** −0.110 0.063 *
Family reunified to non-refugee 0.074 0.052   0.117 0.044 ***
EU residence permit 0.082 0.079   −0.011 0.079  
Unknown type of residence permit −0.145 0.050 *** −0.288 0.037 ***
Age 16-24 1.221 0.061 *** 1.132 0.048 ***
Age 25-34 1.068 0.050 *** 0.799 0.037 ***
Age 35-44 0.803 0.048 *** 0.475 0.034 ***
Children 3–6 years of age 0.299 0.038 *** 0.109 0.032 ***
Children 7–17 years of age 0.544 0.042 *** 0.214 0.035 ***
No children 0.415 0.039 *** 0.035 0.034  
Single −0.163 0.029 *** −0.095 0.031 ***
Working experience up to 1 year 1.675 0.035 *** 1.296 0.028 ***
Working experience 1–3 years 1.860 0.044 *** 1.667 0.033 ***
Working experience 3 years or more 1.776 0.058 *** 1.779 0.042 ***
Lives in provincial town municipality −0.078 0.032 *** 0.026 0.024  
Lives in a rural district 0.111 0.045 *** 0.167 0.037 ***
Danish education −1.536 0.142 *** −1.280 0.114 ***
Years of Danish education 0.178 0.012 *** 0.126 0.010 ***
Foreign education −0.420 0.087 *** −0.387 0.078 ***
Years of foreign education 0.052 0.007 *** 0.044 0.006 ***
No visits to doctors −0.163 0.043 *** 0.024 0.025  
5-9 visits to doctors −0.083 0.031 *** −0.152 0.025 ***
10-19 visits to doctors −0.346 0.035 *** −0.512 0.033 ***
20 or more visits to doctors −0.651 0.054 *** −0.899 0.067 ***
Local unemployment rate x 10 −0.620 0.135 *** −0.689 0.107 ***
Social assistance spell began 1998 −0.075 0.044 * −0.117 0.034 ***
Social assistance spell began 1999 −0.162 0.052 *** −0.211 0.040 ***
Social assistance spell began 2000 −0.047 0.058   −0.141 0.045 ***
Social assistance spell began 2001 −0.236 0.062 *** −0.207 0.049 ***
Social assistance spell began 2002 −0.267 0.064 *** −0.441 0.051 ***
Social assistance spell began 2003 −0.355 0.061 *** −0.415 0.048 ***
Duration 0–3 months −5.432 0.153 *** −4.171 0.118 ***
Duration 3–6 months −6.168 0.154 *** −4.931 0.120 ***
Duration 6–12 months −6.406 0.152 *** −5.113 0.119 ***
Duration 12–24 months −6.751 0.151 *** −5.410 0.118 ***
Duration 24- months −7.033 0.150 *** −5.811 0.118 ***
  1. Note. ***, ** and * indicate significance at the 1%, 5% and 10% level, respectively. The last five variables are the duration dependent constant terms. See the note to Table 4 for reference categories of the explanatory variables.