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Table 2 Summary Statistics

From: The impact of cultural diversity on firm innovation: evidence from Dutch micro-data

Variable (n = 4582) Mean Std. Dev.
Firm is an innovator in 2000-2002 0.3804 0.4855
Firm innovated by means of new products in 2000-2002 0.2828 0.4504
Firm innovated by means of new processes in 2000-2002 0.2097 0.4072
Firm size (number of employees) 295.52 1751
Firm is part of a group 0.6794 0.4668
Headquarters is abroad 0.1680 0.3740
Openness to change 0.1729 0.3782
Obstacles: Lack of personnel 0.0949 0.5380
Obstacles: Lack of technology 0.0746 0.4645
Prepared knowledge strategy 0.7089 0.8404
Share of foreign born 0.1024 0.1114
Share of 2nd generation immigrants 0.0628 0.0431
Diversity index 0.4477 0.2671
Unique number of countries of birth among firm employees 10.19 12.91
Fraction of employees aged 18-24* 0.1457 0.1413
Fraction of employees aged 25-34 0.3092 0.1186
Fraction of employees aged 35-44 0.2672 0.0888
Fraction of employees aged 45-54 0.1992 0.1010
Fraction of employees aged 55-64 0.0786 0.0639
Fraction of low-skilled employees* 0.0408 0.1632
Fraction of middle-skilled employees 0.4155 0.4144
Fraction of high-skilled employees 0.1417 0.2898
Fraction of employees in scientific occupations 0.0438 0.1664
  1. Notes: Due to confidentiality restrictions maximum and minimum values of each variable cannot be reported.
  2. *Reference categories in the multivariate analysis.