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Table 5 IV Estimations when sectors employing predominantly low-skilled foreign workers are excluded

From: The impact of cultural diversity on firm innovation: evidence from Dutch micro-data

1st stage   Share of foreign born    Share of foreign born    Share of foreign born  
   (1), (2), (3)    (4), (5), (6)    (7), (8), (9)  
Number of foreign restaurants per 10,000 population in 1996   0.461**    0.464**    0.306**  
  (0.200)    (0.200)    (0.156)  
Log of ‘allochtoon’ in 1996   0.010***    0.009***    0.003**  
   (0.001)    (0.001)    (0.001)  
2nd stage Innovative Product Process Innovative Product Process Innovative Product Process
  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
Diversity index - - - 0.161*** 0.157*** 0.052 - - -
     (0.048) (0.046) (0.042)    
ln(unique) - - - - - - 0.271** 0.277** 0.192*
        (0.122) (0.120) (0.104)
Share of foreign born −0.864** −0.801** −0.459 −1.063*** −0.996** −0.531 −2.319** −2.299** −1.573*
  (0.346) (0.333) (0.301) (0.401) (0.389) (0.347) (1.078) (1.064) (0.923)
Share of 2nd generation −0.098 0.242 −0.0198 −0.153 0.190 −0.034 −0.444** −0.105 −0.232
  (0.224) (0.214) (0.193) (0.219) (0.211) (0.188) (0.195) (0.190) (0.166)
Constant −0.223** −0.290*** −0.256*** −0.154** −0.222*** −0.234*** 0.286 0.232 0.109
  (0.090) (0.081) (0.078) (0.096) (0.087) (0.082) (0.264) (0.257) (0.227)
Sector FE Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Observations 4001 4001 4001 4001 4001 4001 4001 4001 4001
R-squared 0.283 0.249 0.173 0.276 0.241 0.170 0.213 0.164 0.112
Hansen J statistic 1.158 0.956 0.093 1.498 1.266 0.061 2.426 2.192 0.014
p-value (0.282) (0.328) (0.760) (0.221) (0.260) (0.804) (0.119) (0.139) (0.905)
  1. Notes: These estimations include all other variables in Table 3. The sub-sample excludes three sectors in which immigrants are predominantly unskilled. These are: Low-skilled Business Services, Hotels and Restaurants, and Retail Trade. Robust standard errors in parentheses; ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1.