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Table 1 Immigrant composition by country of birth, Census and Annual Population Survey

From: Crime and immigration: new evidence from England and Wales

Census, 1991 Census, 2001 Annual Population Survey, 2005 Census, 2011
Rank Country % Share of immigrants Rank Country % Share of immigrants Rank Country % Share of immigrants Rank Country % Share of immigrants
A. England and Wales
1. Ireland 15.7 1. Ireland 10.2 1. India 9.8 1. India 9.3
2. India 11.0 2. India 9.8 2. Ireland 7.2 2. Poland 7.7
3. Pakistan 6.2 3. Pakistan 6.6 3. Pakistan 5.6 3. Pakistan 6.4
4. Germany 5.6 4. Germany 5.3 4. Bangladesh 4.4 4. Ireland 5.4
5. Jamaica 3.9 5. Bangladesh 3.3 5. Germany 4.4 5. Germany 3.6
         
11. Poland 1.9 17. Poland 1.3 7. Poland 3.2    
Immigrants: 3.6 Million Immigrants: 4.6 Million Immigrants: 5.4 Million Immigrants: 7.5 Million
B. London
1. Ireland 14.8 1. India 8.9 1. India 14.8 1. India 8.7
2. India 10.4 2. Ireland 8.1 2. Bangladesh 10.4 2. Poland 5.3
3. Jamaica 5.3 3. Bangladesh 4.4 3. Ireland 5.3 3. Ireland 4.3
4. Kenya 3.9 4. Jamaica 4.1 4. Jamaica 3.9 4. Nigeria 3.8
5. Bangladesh 3.9 5. Nigeria 3.6 5. Nigeria 3.9 5. Pakistan 3.8
          
17. Poland 1.5 18. Poland 1.1 6. Poland 3.5    
Immigrants: 1.5 Million Immigrants: 1.9 Million Immigrants: 2.1 Million Immigrants:3.0 Million
  1. Notes: Population by country of birth was obtained from the 1991, 2001, and 2011 Census and for 2005 we employed the APS for the financial year 2005/6. For the Census years we ranked the countries according to the list of countries available in the detailed country of birth tables (ONS).