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Table 3 Changes in immigrant shares across local authorities, census and annual population survey, A8 and Non-A8 instruments

From: Crime and immigration: new evidence from England and Wales

  Dependent variable: change in immigrant share
  Census, 2001-2011 Annual Population Survey, 2004/5-2010/11
  (1) (2) (3) (4)
A. England and Wales     
Predicted change in A8 immigrant share 0.182 (0.157) 0.144 (0.174) 0.530 (0.194) 0.527 (0.188)
Predicted change in Non-A8 immigrant share 0.438 (0.099) 0.469 (0.120) 0.583 (0.143) 0.622 (0.165)
High historical immigrant share -0.049 (0.010) -0.043 (0.011) -0.054 (0.012) -0.055 (0.014)
Controls Yes Yes Yes Yes
Police force area fixed effects No Yes No Yes
F-test 13.58 9.82 13.02 13.23
Sample size 347 347 347 347
B. London     
Predicted change in A8 immigrant share -0.011 (0.272) -0.000 (0.279) 0.675 (0.284) 0.547 (0.269)
Predicted change in Non-A8 immigrant share 0.229 (0.193) 0.227 (0.198) 0.730 (0.269) 0.840 (0.270)
High historical immigrant share -0.016 (0.017) -0.017 (0.018) -0.063 (0.017) -0.064 (0.017)
Controls Yes Yes Yes Yes
Police force area fixed effects No Yes No Yes
F-test 0.68 0.67 10.60 9.84
Sample Size 33 33 33 33
  1. Notes: Weighted by population. The instrument for change in immigrant share is disaggregated into an A8 and a Non-A8 instruments. High Historical Immigrant Share is a dummy variable equal to one if the Immigrant Share in 1991 Census of the local authority is greater than 0.20. Controls are: population growth, the change in the unemployment rate, the change in the share of males aged 15–39 and a dummy variable for the 33 London boroughs. Robust standard errors in parentheses.