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Table 6 IV Estimates for A8 and Non-A8 immigrant, separate regressions

From: Crime and immigration: new evidence from England and Wales

  Dependent variable: change in crime rate
  Annual Population Survey, 2004/5-2010/11
  A8 immigrant share Non-A8 immigrant share
  First stage Second stage First stage Second stage
  (1) (2) (3) (4)
A. England and Wales     
Predicted change in A8 immigrant share 0.289 (0.075)    
Predicted change in non-A8 immigrant share    0.627 (0.151)  
High historical immigrant share    -0.046 (0.014)  
Change in A8 immigrant share   -0.429 (0.275)   
Change in non-A8 immigrant share     0.045 (0.096)
F-test 14.91   9.35  
Controls Yes Yes Yes Yes
Police force area fixed effects Yes Yes Yes Yes
Sample size 347 347 347 347
B. London     
Predicted change in A8 immigrant share 0.213 (0.091)    
Predicted change in non-A8 immigrant share    0.921 (0.262)  
High historical immigrant share    -0.054 (0.019)  
Change in A8 immigrant share   0.130 (0.469)   
Change in non-A8 immigrant share     0.117 (0.130)
F-test 5.37   6.24  
Controls Yes Yes Yes Yes
Police force area fixed effects Yes Yes Yes Yes
Sample size 33 33 33 33
  1. Notes: Separate population weighted regressions for A8 and Non-A8 immigrants. High Historical Immigrant Share is a dummy variable equal to one if the Immigrant Share in 1991 Census of the local authority is greater than 0.20. For A8 regressions this dummy is not included as there was no local authorities with high historical A8 immigrant shares. Controls are: population growth, the change in the unemployment rate, the change in the share of males aged 15–39 and a dummy variable for the 33 London boroughs. Robust standard errors in parentheses.