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Table 1 Emigration rates, age distribution, years in Australia and percent retired by gender and country of birth

From: Return migration and the age profile of retirement among immigrants

  All immigrants Italy Netherlands Germany India Vietnam UK China New Zealand Hong Kong
Emigration rate 0.020 0.005 0.009 0.010 0.011 0.014 0.018 0.050 0.065 0.090
Men
Mean age 60.5 63.9 62.8 63.1 55.9 54.4 62.0 56.0 54.5 54.5
(0.17) (0.63) (0.67) (0.58) (1.20) (0.86) (0.28) (1.41) (0.49) (1.34)
Mean years in Australia 34.3 43.8 43.5 43.6 24.7 17.4 37.3 14.2 28.5 19.3
(0.24) (0.56) (0.72) (0.80) (1.37) (0.69) (0.40) (1.37) (0.81) (1.70)
Percent retired 0.426 0.582 0.538 0.485 0.218 0.350 0.452 0.224 0.123 0.242
  (0.008) (0.031) (0.035) (0.036) (0.047) (0.054) (0.013) (0.060) (0.021) (0.076)
Percent retired age >64 0.907 0.959 0.847 0.784 NA NA 0.934 NA 0.581 NA
(0.008) (0.018) (0.039) (0.044)    (0.010)   (0.090)  
Observations 4,055 251 199 198 78 80 1,541 49 253 33
Individuals 1,122 70 49 51 24 29 391 16 72 11
Percent of immigrants   6% 4% 5% 2% 3% 35% 1% 6% 1%
Women
Mean age 60.0 61.1 62.0 61.6 60.5 51.4 61.9 59.9 57.7 54.4
(0.18) (0.68) (0.77) (0.76) (1.28) (0.56) (0.30) (1.23) (0.58) (1.77)
Mean years in Australia 34.9 42.4 45.4 46.0 30.3 17.1 37.3 18.0 27.7 29.8
(0.24) (0.55) (0.69) (0.85) (1.69) (0.90) (0.35) (1.77) (0.93) (4.43)
Percent retired 0.515 0.712 0.583 0.497 0.563 0.292 0.578 0.655 0.353 NA
  (0.008) (0.034) (0.038) (0.037) (0.056) (0.057) (0.013) (0.063) (0.030)  
Percent retired age >59 0.889 0.941 0.882 0.872 NA NA 0.894 NA 0.804 NA
(0.008) (0.024) (0.034) (0.038)    (0.011)   (0.042)  
Observations 3,743 177 168 181 80 65 1,441 58 255 18
Individuals 1,032 54 42 44 23 25 364 23 73 6
Percent of immigrants   5% 4% 4% 2% 2% 35% 2% 7% 1%
  1. Note: See the paper for further information about how the sample is created and variables are defined. NA are cells with too few observations to give an accurate estimate.