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Table 2 Summary statistics for 2001, full sample

From: Are temporary work agencies stepping stones into regular employment?

  Group   Differences in means  
  Control Treatment Coefficient t-statistic
Gender     
Male 57.0 65.1 0.082 (17.03)***
Female 43.0 34.9 -0.082 (-17.03)***
Aggregate days in 403 340 -62.43 (-16.27)***
unemployment 1998–2001     
0 0.8 0.6   
1–30 2.2 1.4   
31–90 8.0 11.4   
91–182 14.4 17.2   
183–274 12.3 15.1   
275–364 11.2 14.6   
365–730 37.6 32.2   
731–1094 12.8 7.2   
1095–1457 0.4 0.2   
Age groups 35 31 -3.430 (-10.75)***
16–20 8.7 12.3 0.022 (8.42)***
21–25 15.4 23.6 0.055 (14.50)***
26–30 15.3 18.8 0.057 (14.05)***
31–35 14.5 15.0 0.017 (4.65)***
36–40 14.9 10.8 -0.018 (-5.56)***
41–45 12.0 8.8 -0.036 (-12.37)***
46–50 10.6 6.0 -0.041 (-15.77)***
51–55 8.6 4.7 -0.040 (-18.31)***
Country of birth     
Sweden 73.9 75.0 0.012 (2.69)***
Nordic countries (except Sweden) 3.2 2.8 -0.004 (-2.34)***
EU12 0.9 0.6 -0.003 (-3.79)***
Other European countries 7.0 6.7 -0.003 (-1.23)
Africa 2.2 2.2 -0.000 (-0.23)
North America 0.4 0.4 0.000 (0.72)
South America 1.5 1.7 0.002 (1.44)
Asia 10.7 10.3 -0.004 (-1.25)
Oceania 0.0 0.0 -0.000 (-9.95)***
Soviet Union 0.2 0.2 0.001 (1.15)
Highest education level     
Primary school less than 9 years 3.9 1.5 -0.024 (-17.80)***
Primary school 9 (10) years 17.9 14.4 -0.019 (-4.87)***
Upper secondary 2 years or less 34.0 27.5 -0.065 (-14.49)***
Upper secondary 2 years or more 27.2 35.5 0.072 (15.75)***
Higher education less than 3 years 8.6 10.5 0.016 (4.98)***
Higher education 3 years or more 7.3 9.9 0.023 (7.80)***
Post-graduate education 0.2 0.2 -0.001 (-4.59)***
Unknown 1.0 0.6 -0.003 (-3.89)***
Resides in a large city     
Stockholm 12.3 19.4 0.076 (18.98)***
Gothenburg 17.0 23.7 0.060 (14.37)***
Malmoe 15.4 10.9 -0.045 (-14.60)***
Other 55.4 46.0 -0.091 (-18.26)***
Number of observations 25,158 953 26,111  
  1. Robust standard errors.
  2. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1.
  3. Note: Taking treatment is defined as being registered at a TWA in November 2002.