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Table 4 Summary statistics for 2001, non-western immigrants

From: Are temporary work agencies stepping stones into regular employment?

  Group   Differences in mean  
  Control Treatment Coefficient t-statistic
Gender     
Male 58.5 76.1 0.177 (5.73)***
Female 41.5 23.9 -0.177 (-5.73)***
Aggregate days in 447 396 -50.898 (-2.87)***
unemployment 1998–2001     
0 0.8 0.5   
1–30 1.6 0.5   
31–90 6.6 9.0   
91–182 11.5 13.4   
183–274 11.2 13.9   
275–364 10.0 13.4   
365–730 41.4 37.8   
731–1094 16.3 11.4   
1095–1457 0.6 0.0   
Age groups 36 32 -3.905 (-6.04)***
16–20 4.1 10.9 0.069 (3.11)***
21–25 10.9 19.4 0.085 (3.01)***
26–30 13.2 12.4 -0.008 (-0.32)
31–35 17.3 18.9 0.016 (0.56)
36–40 19.2 15.9 -0.033 (-1.26)
41–45 17.4 14.4 -0.030 (-1.18)
46–50 11.6 5.0 -0.066 (-4.14)***
51–55 6.3 3.0 -0.033 (-2.66)***
Country of birth     
Other European countries 32.5 31.8 -0.007 (-0.21)
Africa 10.4 10.4 0.001 (0.03)
South America 6.9 8.0 0.010 (0.53)
Asia 49.4 48.8 -0.007 (-0.18)
Soviet Union 0.7 1.0 0.003 (0.36)
Highest education level     
Primary school less than 9 years 10.7 5.5 -0.052 (-3.14)***
Primary school 9 (10) years 15.8 15.4 0.004 (-0.16)
Upper secondary 2 years or less 25.6 22.9 -0.027 (-0.90)
Upper secondary 2 years or more 23.7 30.8 0.071 (2.15)**
Higher education less than 3 years 9.4 10.4 0.010 (0.46)
Higher education 3 years or more 11.3 10.9 -0.003 (-0.14)
Post-graduate education 0.6 1.0 0.004 (0.60)
Unknown 2.9 3.0 0.001 (0.11)
Year of arrival     
1936–1965 0.4 0.0 -0.004 (-4.59)***
1966–1972 2.8 0.5 -0.023 (-4.20)***
1973–1985 19.9 14.9 -0.050 (-1.95)*
1986–1993 48.5 52.2 0.038 (1.06)
1994–2001 28.4 32.3 0.039 (1.17)
Resides in a large city     
Stockholm 20.3 32.3 0.121 (3.61)***
Gothenburg 22.4 28.9 0.065 (1.99)**
Malmoe 21.0 10.0 -0.111 (-5.06)***
Other 36.3 28.9 -0.075 (-2.29)**
Number of observations 5,427 201 5,628  
  1. Robust standard errors.
  2. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1.