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Table 5 Attendance at religious services and prayer in Europe and the US, 2002-2010 (adding “does/doesn’t share the country’s main religion” variables)

From: Bridges or buffers? Motives behind Immigrants’ Religiosity

Variables Attendance at religious services Attendance at religious services Frequency of prayer Frequency of prayer
EUROPE US EUROPE US
Immigrant var.     
First-generation     
Not main rel. 0.365*** 0.308** 0.662*** −0.147**
Main rel. −0.373* 1.676*** −0.616 0.588***
Second-generation     
Not main rel. 0.429*** 0.026 0.354 −0.103
Main rel. −0.576*** 0.221 −0.841*** 0.376
Natives - Main religion −0.525*** 0.739*** −1.076*** 0.478***
Socio-economic vars. Yes Yes Yes Yes
Religious denomination variables Yes No22 Yes No
Country dummies Yes - Yes -
Wave dummies Yes Yes Yes Yes
Sample size 107,361 6,547 107,361 6,547
R-squared 0.190 0.068 0.200 0.100
  1. *p-value < 0.10; **p-value < 0.05; ***p-value < 0.01.
  2. Note: Reference group = Natives who do not belong to the country’s main religion.