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Table 4 Estimates for specification 3, with restrictions on duration of residence in 1984

From: Source country characteristics and immigrants’ optimal migration duration decision

Dependent variable: intended migration duration
Year of Arrival >=1979 >=1978 >=1977 >=1973 >=1972 >=1971
  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
Log(PPP) -29.516 -14.361 -16.612* -9.851** -5.530* -4.235*
  [12.948] [6.447] [6.399] [2.677] [2.142] [1.370]
Wage ratio -55.686 -44.031 -49.598 7.034 16.561*** 16.229***
  [47.953] [36.894] [40.443] [6.952] [1.730] [1.144]
Wage ratio * age -0.259 0.174 0.79 -0.607 -0.529 -0.518*
  [1.656] [1.143] [1.623] [0.421] [0.241] [0.210]
Dur. of residence 5.304 5.574 6.243* 4.216** 4.141** 3.930**
  [3.359] [2.484] [2.416] [0.733] [0.912] [0.870]
Age * dur. of residence -0.063 -0.074 -0.090* -0.040* -0.041* -0.038*
  [0.050] [0.042] [0.036] [0.013] [0.017] [0.016]
Married -11.398*** 1.547 -1.194 -2.083* -2.215*** -2.782***
  [1.550] [8.965] [7.302] [0.869] [0.107] [0.184]
Observations 265 332 426 1,232 1,654 2,100
Number of people 44 52 64 158 214 280
R-squared 0.357 0.34 0.333 0.211 0.195 0.197
  1. Notes: In the first three columns, 1979 to 1977 year-of-arrival values are taken as threshold because these are the most restrictive samples that are large enough. In columns (4) to (6), 1973 to 1971 year-of-arrival values are taken as threshold becuase since guestworker program ended in 1973. Standard errors are adjusted for clustering at the level of country of origin. Macro variables are three-year moving averages. Robust standard errors in brackets; * significant at 10%; ** significant at 5%; *** significant at 1%.