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Table 3 The impact of migration on the change in institutions (1990–2000) OLS

From: Skilled migration and the transfer of institutional norms

  Voice and accountability Government effectiveness Regulatory quality Control of corruption
  Total migration
I t - 1. .072** -0.082*** -0.875*** -0.194**
  (2.179) (2.362) (46.877) (4.728)
m t - 1. .968** 0.491 0.049*** 0.242
  (2.121) (0.525) (4.017) (0.743)
N t - 1. 727*** 0.005 0.148* -1.863
  (2.575) (0.016) (1.803) (0.940)
H t - 1. 121 0.164 0.086*** 1.780***
  (0.301) (0.443) (5.702) (2.753)
Constant -0.046 -0.055 0.132*** -0.199***
  (0.931) (1.147) (21.041) (2.483)
Observations 190 178 180 149
Adjusted R2 0.07 0.07 0.99 0.13
  Skilled migration
I t - 1. .072** -0.064** -0.836*** -0.184***
  (2.224) (2.055) (53.580) (4.595)
m t - 1. .721*** -1.138 0.175*** -1.545
  (3.874) (1.209) (5.247) (0.851)
N t - 1. 601*** 0.273*** 0.012 0.260*
  (3.974) (2.622) (0.224) (1.559)
H t - 1. 106 0.134 0.093*** 1.759***
  (0.266) (0.363) (6.319) (2.726)
Constant -0.039 -0.039 0.120*** -0.197***
  (0.800) (0.852) (22.180) (2.578)
Observations 190 178 180 149
Adjusted R2 0.08 0.07 0.99 0.13
  1. Robust t-statistics in parentheses.
  2. * significant at 10%,** significant at 5% level; *** significant at 1% level.