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Table 3 Determinants of changes in aspiration gaps between 2000 and 2007

From: Migration and aspirations – are migrants trapped on a hedonic treadmill?

DV: Δ aspiration gap   Type of migration
Full sample Economic opportunity Economic necessity Education Marriage
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
Migrated between 2000 - 2007 0.05** 0.02 0.22** 0.24** 0.06
(0.018) (0.726) (0.040) (0.033) (0.236)
2000: Subjective well-being 0.18*** 0.18*** 0.18*** 0.18*** 0.18***
(0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000)
2007: Age group: 25–39 yearsa 0.01 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
(0.570) (0.182) (0.106) (0.111) (0.166)
2007: Age group: 40–65 years -0.03 -0.02 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01
(0.293) (0.500) (0.644) (0.633) (0.579)
Men 0.10*** 0.10*** 0.09*** 0.09*** 0.09***
(0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000)
2000: No educationb -0.05* -0.04 -0.04 -0.04 -0.04
(0.065) (0.165) (0.156) (0.195) (0.174)
2000: Junior high school -0.01 -0.00 -0.00 -0.00 0.00
(0.815) (0.893) (0.960) (0.948) (0.917)
2000: Senior high school 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02
(0.387) (0.241) (0.342) (0.355) (0.368)
2000: Higher education -0.01 0.01 0.00 -0.00 0.01
(0.824) (0.899) (0.908) (0.942) (0.734)
Higher education completed in 2007 0.04 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.02
(0.183) (0.909) (0.798) (0.807) (0.572)
In 2007 newly employed 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.01
(0.668) (0.866) (0.808) (0.862) (0.545)
In 2007 no longer employed -0.06*** -0.05* -0.05** -0.05** -0.06**
(0.009) (0.058) (0.043) (0.044) (0.029)
2000: Total monthly income (ln) -0.11 -0.03 -0.04 -0.02 -0.05
(0.553) (0.893) (0.837) (0.900) (0.798)
Change in total monthly income 0.21 0.29* 0.27* 0.28* 0.29*
(0.136) (0.058) (0.078) (0.066) (0.051)
2000: Married -0.09*** -0.08*** -0.08*** -0.08*** -0.08***
(0.000) (0.001) (0.000) (0.001) (0.000)
2000: Head -0.13*** -0.12*** -0.11*** -0.12*** -0.11***
(0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000)
In 2007 newly head -0.07*** -0.06** -0.05* -0.06* -0.06**
(0.009) (0.036) (0.078) (0.052) (0.036)
2000: Household expenditure 0.14* 0.15* 0.14* 0.13* 0.15**
(0.064) (0.061) (0.071) (0.089) (0.047)
2000: Household expenditure squared -0.02** -0.02** -0.02** -0.02** -0.02**
(0.034) (0.027) (0.034) (0.044) (0.022)
Change in household expenditure 0.03*** 0.03*** 0.03*** 0.03*** 0.03***
(0.005) (0.004) (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
2000: Female-headed HH -0.02 -0.03 -0.04 -0.04 -0.04
(0.433) (0.260) (0.218) (0.184) (0.145)
2000: HH adults -0.01*** -0.01*** -0.01*** -0.01*** -0.01***
(0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001)
2000: HH children 0.02*** 0.02*** 0.02*** 0.02*** 0.02***
(0.002) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.000)
2000: Rural 0.01 -0.00 -0.01 -0.01 -0.00
(0.488) (0.820) (0.707) (0.695) (0.936)
2000: Village: average HH asset value -0.04*** -0.05*** -0.05*** -0.05*** -0.05***
(0.003) (0.002) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001)
2000: Relative rank asset value within the village -0.10*** -0.08** -0.08** -0.08** -0.08***
(0.002) (0.011) (0.011) (0.012) (0.010)
Constant 0.35 0.40 0.51* 0.46 0.46
(0.203) (0.176) (0.089) (0.120) (0.118)
Province dummies included Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Observations 14006 12045 11877 11871 12166
R2 / Pseudo-R2 0.051 0.049 0.049 0.049 0.049
  1. Notes: p-values in parentheses. Significance levels:*p < 0.05,**p < 0.01,***p < 0.001.
  2. The reference category in each regression are all Non-migrants, migrants forother reasons are excluded in the migration type specific regressions.