Skip to main content

Table 1 Descriptive statistics

From: Trust of second-generation immigrants: intergenerational transmission or cultural assimilation?

  US AUSTRALIA
  Mean Std Deviat Min Max Mean Std Deviat Min Max
  Trust in the host country 0.406 0.491 0 1 0.609 0.488 0 1
  Trust in the home country 0.329 0.118 0.06 0.609 0.387 0.089 0.055 0.491
Individual statistics         
  Proportion of males 0.446 0.497 0 1 0.475 0.499 0 1
  Age 54.32 19.55 18 89 41.04 18.22 15 93
  Less than high school 0.264 0.441 0 1 0.326 0.468 0 1
  High school 0.491 0.500 0 1 0.183 0.387 0 1
  College 0.045 0.208 0 1 0.284 0.451 0 1
  Bachelor 0.128 0.334 0 1 0.122 0.327 0 1
  Postgraduate 0.073 0.259 0 1 0.084 0.277 0 1
  Married 0.509 0.500 0 1 0.589 0.492 0 1
  Widowed 0.184 0.388 0 1 0.045 0.208 0 1
  Separated 0.115 0.319 0 1 0.057 0.232 0 1
  Divorced 0.020 0.142 0 1 0.025 0.155 0 1
  Never married 0.171 0.377 0 1 0.283 0.450 0 1
  Employed full-time 0.382 0.486 0 1 0.441 0.496 0 1
  Employed part-time 0.088 0.283 0 1 0.230 0.421 0 1
  Unemployed 0.052 0.221 0 1 0.036 0.185 0 1
  Out of the labour force 0.478 0.499 0 1 0.294 0.455 0 1
  One parent is immigrant 0.496 0.500 0 1 0.662 0.473 0 1
  Both parents are immigrants, different origins 0.392 0.488 0 1 0.083 0.277 0 1
  Both parents are immigrants, same origin 0.099 0.299 0 1 0.254 0.435 0 1
  Number of children 2.077 1.819 0 8 1.500 1.566 0 8
  Major urban areas 0.511 0.500 0 1 0.649 0.478 0 1
  Other urban areas 0.303 0.459 0 1 0.208 0.406 0 1
  Bounded localities 0.094 0.291 0 1 0.024 0.153 0 1
  Rural areas 0.092 0.289 0 1 0.119 0.324 0 1
Host-country statistics         
  GDP growth 3.290 1.877 −3.369 7.186 3.015 0.561 2.257 3.832
  Unemployment rate 6.100 1.400 4.000 9.600 4.846 0.359 4.279 5.237
  Female labour force participation 56.71 3.162 50.00 59.90 57.99 0.729 56.99 58.74
  Population density 28.20 2.793 24.25 33.77 2.745 0.085 2.648 2.865
  Crime rate 7.764 1.630 4.80 10.20 2.491 0.312 2.000 2.800
  Gini index 0.351 0.016 0.328 0.380 0.322 0.010 0.310 0.336
  Segregation index 0.084 0.013 0.060 0.103 0.001 0.000 0.001 0.001
  Perceived racial inequality 0.389 0.039 0.303 0.423 0.257 0.026 0.225 0.289
Home-country statistics         
  GDP growth 1.871 4.578 −11.6 8.8 0.617 2.749 −2.90 7.80
  Unemployment rate 6.897 3.396 1.50 13.7 9.495 2.494 1.50 13.20
  Female labour force participation 42.71 10.25 29.7 63 40.34 8.822 20.20 70.00
  Democracy levels 1.808 1.406 1 6 1.742 1.705 1 7
  1. Sample: second-generation immigrants residing in the United States or in Australia.
  2. Source: HILDA 2005, 2006, 2008, 2010 and GSS 1978–2010. Sources for country statistics: World Bank, OECD, ILO, Freedom House, US Census Bureau, ABS, US Department of Justice.