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Table 1 Key Common Average Characteristics of Immigrant and Canadian Born Individuals (2006)

From: Human capital quality and the immigrant wage gap

  Males Females
Canadian Born Immigrants Canadian Born Immigrants
% of Population 44.0 10.2 37.3 8.5
Weekly earnings ($) 1183.7 1152.6 840.0 816.9
Ln weekly earnings 6.871 6.829 6.582 6.549
Total years of schooling 13.3 14.0 13.6 13.9
  In Canada 13.3 3.2 13.6 3.3
  In birth country 13.3 10.8 13.6 10.6
Total potential experience (years) 21.8 24.0 21.7 23.9
  In Canada 21.8 17.0 21.7 17.4
  In birth country 21.8 7.0 21.7 6.5
Real GDP per capita ratio
  At time of graduation (q s ) 1.0 0.65 1.0 0.65
  At time of immigration (q x ) 1.0 0.44 1.0 0.43
Sample size 588,045 136,545 499,055 113,445
  1. Full-time, full-year working individuals between 18 and 64. Immigrants and Canadian born individuals are restricted to those having obtained their highest diploma in their country of birth. Canadian born individuals are assumed to have acquired all their work experience in Canada. Immigrants are assumed to have acquired their work experience either in their birth country or in Canada.
  2. Source: Calculations from Statistics Canada 2006 census data.