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Table A1 Construction of number of years of schooling variable

From: Human capital quality and the immigrant wage gap

Highest certificate, degree or diploma obtained Estimated years of schooling
No certificate 8
High school certificate 12
Trade, apprenticeship, college or CEGEP certificates or diploma from a program of three months to less than one year 13
Trade, apprenticeship, college or CEGEP certificates or diploma from a program of one year to two years 14
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 15
University bachelor level 16
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 17
Masters 18
Doctorate (including medicine, dentistry and similar programs) 22