Skip to main content

Table B1 Regression coefficients—control variables

From: Human capital quality and the immigrant wage gap

Variables Native Males Immigrant Males Native Females Immigrant Females
Model 1 Model 1 Model 4 Model 1 Model 1 Model 4
Coeff. |t| Coeff. |t| Coeff. |t| Coeff. |t| Coeff. |t| Coeff. |t|
Constant term 5.100 1007. 5.478 404.1 5.343 228.2 4.617 828.9 5.144 348.5 5.001 237.5
Atlantic -0.253 87.9 -0.142 9.4 -0.223 14.7 -0.242 87.9 -0.180 12.0 -0.231 15.8
Quebec -0.145 47.1 -0.273 35.2 -0.227 30.0 -0.154 52.3 -0.252 34.5 -0.21 27.3
Prairies -0.164 56.9 -0.201 24.1 -0.199 26.9 -0.135 47.3 -0.162 19.3 -0.161 18.5
Alberta 0.077 27.9 0.037 6.2 0.021 3.1 -0.012 4.3 -0.078 9.5 -0.059 9.9
B.C. -0.042 16.1 -0.077 15.7 -0.098 17.8 -0.054 20.6 -0.072 15.5 -0.080 14.2
Urban 0.029 15.6 -0.134 17.0 0.002 0.2 0.071 37.0 -0.053 6.4 0.040 4.8
Married 0.214 127.4 0.121 28.5 0.174 38.3 0.036 23.3 -0.021 5.9 0.018 5.1
Knowledge of official languages (Reference category: English only)
French only -0.087 24.7 -0.089 7.4 -0.105 8.7 -0.073 21.7 -0.038 3.2 -0.041 3.3
English & French 0.019 7.2 0.126 18.3 0.03 4.8 0.064 26.6 0.166 26.2 0.083 12.3
None -0.196 4.2 -0.357 27.7 -0.149 7.1 -0.129 2.6 -0.242 21.7 -0.094 7.3
Countries of birth (Reference category: United States)
Central America      -0.091 4.1      -0.103 5.7
Haiti      -0.084 3.4      -0.029 1.4
Jamaica      -0.065 3.4      -0.005 0.3
Trinidad      -0.095 4.9      -0.004 0.3
Other Caribbean      -0.125 6.2      -0.048 2.9
Guyana      -0.017 0.7      0.029 1.5
Other S. America      -0.045 2.4      -0.064 3.9
France      0.051 2.7      0.027 1.6
Germany      0.013 0.7      -0.013 0.8
Other W. Europe      0.029 1.6      -0.034 2.4
Romania      0.085 2.8      0.069 3.0
Poland      0.001 0.1      -0.050 3.1
Ukraine      -0.092 2.9      -0.105 4.0
Russia      -0.072 2.4      -0.096 4.1
Hungary      -0.025 0.7      -0.046 1.6
Other E. Europe      -0.058 1.7      -0.032 1.6
U.K.      0.091 5.1      0.041 3.9
Other N. Europe      0.087 3.3      0.053 3.0
Greece      -0.144 5.0      -0.070 3.8
Italy      0.045 2.6      -0.004 0.3
Portugal      0.076 4.3      0.011 0.8
Other S. Europe      0.059 2.8      0.023 1.4
West Africa      0.030 1.1      0.033 1.1
East Africa      0.015 0.6      0.039 1.7
Algeria      -0.069 2.1      0.018 0.6
Egypt      0.093 3.1      0.071 2.5
Morocco      0.053 1.9      0.045 1.4
Other N. Africa      -0.051 1.6      -0.001 0.0
Southern Africa      0.287 8.9      0.178 6.3
Lebanon      -0.063 2.1      -0.068 2.9
Afghanistan      -0.263 7.8      -0.145 4.4
Iran      -0.107 3.9      -0.065 2.9
Iraq      -0.085 2.4      -0.086 2.3
Other W.C. Asia      0.015 0.7      -0.007 0.3
China      -0.014 0.4      0.052 2.3
Hong Kong      -0.104 4.3      0.034 2
South Korea      -0.214 6.7      -0.059 2.0
Taiwan      -0.125 4.1      -0.038 1.2
Other E. Asia      -0.059 1.8      -0.058 1.9
Philippines      -0.122 5.9      -0.030 1.7
Vietnam      .0004 0.1      0.019 0.8
Other S.E. Asia      0.017 0.7      0.060 3.0
India      0.055 2.4      -0.020 1.0
Sri Lanka      -0.082 3.7      -0.099 5.0
Pakistan      -0.075 2.8      -0.071 2.8
Bangladesh      -0.233 7.6      -0.271 7.8
Others      0.000 0.0      0.009 0.5