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Table 2 Descriptive statistics of key dependent and independent variables

From: How skilled immigration may improve economic equality

  Mean Standard deviation Number of observations
Gini coefficient 31.95 6.14 109
Share of upper secondary or higher education 72.84 17.17 109
Share of post-secondary or higher education 50.64 20.26 109
Share of foreign labor force 5.11 3.85 110
Inflation rate 2.63 2.50 109
Share of population 15–64 years of age 66.86 1.56 109
Unemployment rate 7.49 3.53 109
Women’s unemployment rate 8.37 4.61 109
Participation rate 73.01 6.24 109
Women’s participation rate 65.00 8.44 109
Share of labor force in agriculture 5.68 4.00 109
Government size 20.25 3.38 109
GDP per capita, 1000s USD 19.95 12.15 109
  1. The share of foreign labor force computed for the sample including observationswith missing information on the Gini coefficient but excluding Luxembourg,which has a high share of foreigners.