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Table 2 Differences-in-differences in the probability to remit and the dollar amount remitted home

From: Remittances and immigration enforcement

  Geographic areas that Geographic areas that DD
  Implemented these programs Never implemented these programs  
Panel A: Police-based initiatives (287(g) and secure communities)
  Pre-2002 Post-2002 DT Pre-2002 Post-2002 DC (DT-DC)
Remitting likelihood 0.624 0.751 0.127*** 0.645 0.833 0.188*** −0.061*
(0.485) (0.433) (0.021) (0.479) (0.374) (0.034) (0.040)
N 4119 486 4605 994 156 1150 5755
$ amount remitted 324.877 291.895 −32.983** 286.678 361.4 74.723* −107.705**
(505.37) (314.294) (19.223) (255.798) (637.767) (56.701) (59.831)
N 2569 365 2934 641 130 771 3705
Panel B: Employment-based initiatives (E-Verify)
  Pre-2006 Post-2006 DT Pre-2006 Post-2006 DC (DT-DC)
Remitting likelihood 0.808 0.742 −0.066 0.665 0.778 0.113** −0.178**
(0.395) (0.445) (0.083) (0.472) (0.420) (0.058) (0.101)
N 265 31 296 1096 54 1150 1446
$ amount remitted 347.620 178.184 −169.44*** 303.187 231.406 −71.781** −97.654**
(361.366) (130.653) (36.448) (356.273) (238.938) (38.791) (53.191)
N 214 23 237 729 42 771 1008
  1. Samples: To avoid the overlap of the two types of policies being examined, the sample in Panel A excludes migrants from the geographic areas that eventually adopt E-Verify, whereas the sample in Panel B excludes migrants from geographic areas that ultimately adopt 287(g) or Secure Communities.
  2. Note: Standard deviations and standard errors (for the difference and difference-in-difference estimates) in parentheses. ***, **, *denote 1%, 5%, and 10% significance levels at the corresponding one-tail and two-tail tests. DT stands for the difference in remitting patterns among migrants in treated localities –localities adopting the examined measures, whereas DC represents differences in remitting patterns among migrants in control localities –localities that do not adopt any of the policies.