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Table 4 Log of dollar amount remitted

From: Remittances and immigration enforcement

Variables (1) (2) (3)
  Baseline model Added controls, plus regional and time fixed-effects Specification (2) plus U.S. location-specific time trend
287(g) agreements & secure communities 0.381 0.607** 0.724***
(0.302) (0.262) (0.256)
E-Verify mandates −0.260* 0.214 0.140
(0.200) (0.177) (0.238)
Undocumented −0.102 −0.026 −0.006
(0.122) (0.052) (0.050)
Undocumented*287(g) & secure comm. −0.231 −0.326* −0.347*
(0.317) (0.218) (0.224)
Undocumented*E-Verify 0.434* −0.249 −0.237
(0.268) (0.285) (0.299)
Male   0.329*** 0.327***
  (0.117) (0.121)
Age at last U.S. trip   0.006 0.007
  (0.014) (0.014)
Age at last U.S. trip squared   −1.22e-04 −1.39e-04
  (1.71e-04) (1.69e-04)
Married during last U.S. trip   0.149* 0.139*
  (0.107) (0.108)
Years of schooling   0.013*** 0.013***
  (0.004) (0.004)
Speaks english well   −0.104** −0.103**
  (0.048) (0.048)
Monthly earnings in the U.S.   2.68e-05 3.19e-05*
  (2.22e-05) (2.1e-05)
Length of last U.S. trip   0.001 0.001
  (0.001) (0.001)
Length of last U.S. trip squared   3.17e-06 4.24e-06*
  (3.26e-06) (2.85e-06)
Lived with relatives or community members   −0.003 −0.008
  (0.074) (0.073)
Participated in sports or social organizations   −0.146** −0.138*
  (0.081) (0.080)
Communal population   −2.49e-07 −2.06e-07
  (2.24e-07) (2.43e-07)
Municipal population   1.25e-07 2.39e-07
  (3.71e-07) (3.72e-07)
Observations 4,438 4,438 4,438
R-squared 0.004 0.242 0.268
  1. Notes: The dependent variable is the logarithm of the dollar amount remitted in real terms. All models include a constant term. In addition to the shown regressors, specification (2) contains fixed-effects for the last year in the U.S. and community of origin in Mexico, as well as community of origin time trends. Finally, specification (3) adds U.S. location-specific time trends to the regressors included in specification (2). Standard errors (in parentheses) are clustered at the U.S. county level. ***, **, *denote 1%, 5%, and 10% significance levels at the corresponding one-tail and two-tail tests.