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Table 1 Incidence of over and undereducation (%) by birth region and gender among those aged 25–57 years in 2008

From: Overeducation among immigrants in Sweden: incidence, wage effects and state dependence

Region Mean Mode
Men Correctly matched Over-educated Under-educated Correctly matched Over-educated Under-educated
Sweden 71.9 11.9 16.3 36.0 33.2 30.8
Other Nordic countries 64.5 11.2 24.3 36.5 25.3 38.2
EU15 56.7 26.6 16.7 23.9 43.7 32.4
Rest of Europe 65.9 20.4 13.7 22.7 47.7 29.6
Africa 55.1 26.2 18.6 18.3 48.6 33.1
North America 54.9 32.6 12.5 22.0 50.0 28.1
South America 62.9 20.2 16.9 24.9 44.3 30.8
Asia 53.6 23.9 22.5 20.9 42.2 36.9
Women       
Sweden 76.4 12.4 11.2 39.3 31.1 29.6
Other Nordic countries 70.6 12.8 16.6 35.1 27.7 37.2
EU15 62.1 23.6 14.3 29.9 40.5 29.5
Rest of Europe 62.4 23.6 14.0 25.4 48.6 26.1
Africa 60.1 17.9 22.0 23.1 39.9 37.0
North America 59.2 30.3 10.6 27.9 48.1 24.0
South America 64.3 21.6 14.1 27.5 44.5 27.9
Asia 55.8 22.2 22.0 24.4 41.3 34.3
  1. Note: Overeducation among immigrants from Oceania and Soviet Union is not shown due to small sample sizes.