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Table 6 Returns to actual, required, over and undereducation, panel data models with individual fixed effects, men

From: Overeducation among immigrants in Sweden: incidence, wage effects and state dependence

  Actual schooling, men Under-, required and overeducation, men
  Natives Western immigrants Non-Western Immigrants Natives Western immigrants Non-Western Immigrants
Schooling 0.025** 0.019** 0.020**    
  (0.000) (0.001) (0.001)    
UE_mode     −0.024** −0.022** −0.022**
     (0.000) (0.001) (0.001)
RE_mode     0.028** 0.023** 0.024**
     (0.000) (0.001) (0.001)
OE_mode     0.025** 0.015** 0.015**
     (0.000) (0.001) (0.001)
R-squared 0.333 0.347 0.345 0.334 0.348 0.348
Number of observations 5,413,151 429,587 422,451 5,413,151 429,587 422,451
  1. Note: The models also include controls for age, age squared, marital status, having young children, years since migration (for immigrants), sector (five categories), municipality, birth region for immigrants (six categories) and year dummies. Standard errors in parentheses. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1.