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Table 7 Returns to actual, required, over and undereducation, panel data models with individual fixed effects, women

From: Overeducation among immigrants in Sweden: incidence, wage effects and state dependence

  Actual schooling, women Under-, required and overeducation, women
  Natives Western immigrants Non-Western Immigrants Natives Western immigrants Non-Western Immigrants
Schooling 0.017** 0.017** 0.014**    
  (0.000) (0.001) (0.001)    
UE_mode     −0.018** −0.018** −0.017**
     (0.000) (0.001) (0.001)
RE_mode     0.020** 0.019** 0.018**
     (0.000) (0.001) (0.001)
OE_mode     0.015** 0.016** 0.007**
     (0.000) (0.001) (0.001)
R-squared 0.401 0.380 0.387 0.402 0.380 0.391
Number of observations 6,929,785 355,518 545,849 6,929,785 355,518 545,849
  1. Note: The models also include controls for age, age squared, marital status, having young children, years since migration (for immigrants), sector (five categories), municipality, birth region for immigrants (six categories) and year dummies. Standard errors in parentheses. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1.