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Table 8 Persistence in overeducation

From: Overeducation among immigrants in Sweden: incidence, wage effects and state dependence

Region 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Men        
Sweden 92.1 83.1 78.9 77.0 73.5 72.7 67.0
Other Nordic countries 93.5 85.7 81.7 80.0 77.4 76.8 70.9
EU15 93.9 86.9 80.8 79.5 77.1 76.2 71.6
Rest of Europe 96.5 93.1 91.3 90.4 88.3 87.6 84.2
Africa 95.3 91.4 89.2 87.3 85.8 83.9 81.9
North America 94.7 89.7 85.0 83.4 80.7 79.8 75.8
South America 94.2 89.4 86.9 85.7 83.6 82.5 80.0
Asia 95.5 90.0 86.4 85.4 83.1 82.7 79.2
Women        
Sweden 90.3 71.7 69.1 64.9 61.1 60.3 50.5
Other Nordic countries 91.6 73.2 70.5 67.2 64.8 63.8 54.5
EU15 91.6 76.6 73.8 71.3 67.9 66.6 60.8
Rest of Europe 94.6 86.6 84.7 82.5 78.7 78.1 73.8
Africa 94.6 86.8 84.8 83.1 80.3 79.1 75.7
North America 90.3 79.1 77.3 74.4 72.7 72.9 67.5
South America 95.1 84.9 83.2 81.8 78.5 77.8 72.8
Asia 94.3 82.4 80.3 78.4 75.5 75.2 69.1
  1. The percentage among those who were overeducated in 2001 that was also overeducated in subsequent years. (Mode method to decide the norm within occupations – balanced panel 2001–2008).