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Table 5 Heterogeneous ESM for females across education levels

From: Differences in the labor market entry of second-generation immigrants and ethnic Danes

  Ethnic Danes 2nd-generation
High school All West Non-West West Non-West
Sample size 8888 306 1107 306 1107
Arrival rate of jobs, 0.1851 0.1731 0.1277 0.1516 0.1486
When unemp. (λu) (0.0033) (0.0165) (0.0057) (0.0136) (0.0072)
Test (to ‘twins’)     1.0040 -2.2846
Test (to All)     2.3898 4.6304
Arrival rate of jobs, 0.1349 0.1262 0.1338 0.1324 0.1144
When emp. (λe) (0.0015) (0.0078) (0.0045) (0.0082) (0.0039)
Test (to ‘twins’)     -0.5481 3.2541
Test (to All)     0.3100 4.9029
Layoff rate 0.0473 0.0459 0.0494 0.0471 0.0470
When emp. (σ) (0.0005) (0.0028) (0.0016) (0.0029) (0.0016)
Test (to ‘twins’)     -0.3073 1.0369
Test (to All)     0.0443 0.1598
Average productivity 183.01 180.36 176.29 172.09 192.76
Joint Wald test statistic     1.59 17.97
  Ethnic Danes 2nd-generation
Vocational All West Non-West West Non-West
Sample size 6890 127 589 127 589
Arrival rate of jobs, 0.1396 0.1310 0.1282 0.1252 0.1029
When unemp. (λu) (0.0024) (0.0164) (0.0076) (0.0161) (0.0057)
Test (to ‘twins’)     0.2487 2.6580
Test (to All)     0.8817 5.8909
Arrival rate of jobs, 0.0581 0.0640 0.0729 0.0742 0.0761
When emp. (λe) (0.0009) (0.0079) (0.0040) (0.0081) (0.0045)
Test (to ‘twins’)     -0.8994 -0.5243
Test (to All)     -1.9714 -3.8970
Layoff rate 0.0403 0.0494 0.0481 0.0407 0.0553
When emp. (σ) (0.0005) (0.0047) (0.0021) (0.0039) (0.0025)
Test (to ‘twins’)     1.4195 -2.2042
Test (to All)     -0.1125 -5.9531
Average productivity 240.11 235.69 234.61 218.95 242.26
Joint Wald test statistic     4.14 16.66
  Ethnic Danes 2nd-generation
Primary shool All West Non-West West Non-West
Sample size 3861 124 1327 124 1327
Arrival rate of jobs, 0.1040 0.1226 0.0847 0.1432 0.1189
When unemp. (λu) (0.0024) (0.0157) (0.0031) (0.0219) (0.0048)
Test (to ‘twins’)     -0.7649 -5.9750
Test (to All)     -1.7766 -2.7698
Arrival rate of jobs, 0.0952 0.1031 0.0996 0.0870 0.0848
When emp. (λe) (0.0019) (0.0114) (0.0038) (0.0097) (0.0030)
Test (to ‘twins’)     1.0768 3.0513
Test (to All)     0.8276 2.9204
Layoff rate 0.0510 0.0524 0.0588 0.0426 0.0499
When emp. (σ) (0.0009) (0.0054) (0.0019) (0.0046) (0.0015)
Test (to ‘twins’)     1.3929 3.6480
Test (to All)     1.8187 0.6272
Average productivity 170.52 140.71 175.95 133.86 179.84
Joint Wald test statistic     3.87 72.48
  1. Note: see notes to Table 1. The number of homogenous firm groups is 5 in all estimations. Standard errors are in parentheses. Test (to ‘twin’): t-type test for equality of coefficients of ethnic Danish twins and second-generation immigrants. Test (to All): t-type test for equality of coefficients of ethnic Danes and second-generation immigrants. Joint Wald test statistic: test for joint equality of all coefficients of Ethnic Danish twins and second-generation immigrants.