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Table 6 Heterogeneous ESM for males across education levels

From: Differences in the labor market entry of second-generation immigrants and ethnic Danes

  Ethnic Danes 2nd-generation
High school All West Non-West West Non-West
Sample size 6305 262 834 262 834
Arrival rate of jobs, 0.2160 0.1703 0.1641 0.2190 0.1765
When unemp. (λu) (0.0049) (0.0179) (0.0091) (0.0224) (0.0099)
Test (to ‘twins’)     -1.6983 -0.9185
Test (to All)     -0.1291 3.5856
Arrival rate of jobs, 0.1157 0.0978 0.1123 0.1294 0.1025
When emp. (λe) (0.0015) (0.0068) (0.0044) (0.0084) (0.0041)
Test (to ‘twins’)     -2.9296 1.6388
Test (to All)     -1.6026 3.0300
Layoff rate 0.0442 0.0411 0.0476 0.0512 0.0504
When emp. (σ) (0.0006) (0.0028) (0.0018) (0.0034) (0.0019)
Test (to ‘twins’)     -2.3241 -1.0716
Test (to All)     -2.0497 -3.1325
Average productivity 200.85 195.02 207.12 193.82 203.43
Joint Wald test stat     11.65 6.21
  Ethnic Danes 2nd-generation
Vocational All West Non-West West Non-West
Sample size 8229 152 499 152 499
Arrival rate of jobs, 0.2084 0.1954 0.1950 0.1474 0.1282
When unemp. (λu) (0.0037) (0.0252) (0.0136) (0.0179) (0.0076)
Test (to ‘twins’)     1.5545 4.2775
Test (to All)     3.3381 9.4443
Arrival rate of jobs, 0.0787 0.0832 0.0847 0.0749 0.0863
When emp. (λe) (0.0010) (0.0079) (0.0045) (0.0076) (0.0054)
Test (to ‘twins’)     0.7613 -0.2298
Test (to All)     0.5022 -1.3861
Layoff rate 0.0386 0.0460 0.0407 0.0425 0.0619
When emp. (σ) (0.0004) (0.0039) (0.0020) (0.0037) (0.0030)
Test (to ‘twins’)     0.6593 -5.9415
Test (to All)     -1.0668 -7.7600
Average productivity 245.77 254.32 239.68 244.19 249.74
Joint Wald test stat     2.84 71.99
  Ethnic Danes 2nd-generation
Primary school All West Non-West West Non-West
Sample size 5146 180 1769 180 1769
Arrival rate of jobs, 0.1267 0.1126 0.1047 0.1391 0.1342
When unemp. (λu) (0.0028) (0.0130) (0.0035) (0.0152) (0.0047)
Test (to ‘twins’)     -1.3189 -5.0626
Test (to All)     -0.7969 -1.3743
Arrival rate of jobs, 0.0794 0.0758 0.0866 0.0731 0.0953
When emp. (λe) (0.0013) (0.0076) (0.0027) (0.0082) (0.0029)
Test (to ‘twins’)     0.2427 -2.1714
Test (to All)     0.7566 -4.9590
Layoff rate 0.0400 0.0435 0.0525 0.0613 0.0584
When emp. (σ) (0.0006) (0.0038) (0.0014) (0.0054) (0.0015)
Test (to ‘twins’)     -2.6936 -2.8121
Test (to All)     -3.9043 -11.0291
Average productivity 166.5867 158.859 178.4932 193.0557 194.2319
Joint Wald test stat     9.14 28.92
  1. See notes to Table 5.