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Table 2 Estimates of self-employment decision with network effect (odds ratios)

From: Ethnic capital and self-employment: a spatially autoregressive network approach

  Conventional Spatial
  (1) (2) (3) (4)
Ethnic capital     
Network effect / / 18.55*** 18.48***
  / / (1.93) (1.93)
Ethnic concentration effect / 0.08 / 0.04
  / (0.06) / (0.06)
Human capital     
Experience 0.30*** 0.30*** 0.36*** 0.36***
  (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03)
Experience -squared -0.005*** -0.005*** -0.007*** -0.007***
  (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001)
Self-employment experience (origin) 0.20*** 0.20*** 0.20*** 0.20***
  (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02)
Self-employment experience-squared (origin) -0.01*** -0.01*** -0.01*** -0.01***
  (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001)
High skilled -0.12 -0.12 -0.66*** -0.66***
  (0.1) (0.1) (0.11) (0.11)
English proficiency -2.16*** -2.14*** -0.72*** -0.71***
  (0.13) (0.13) (0.20) (0.20)
Manager & professional 1.61*** 1.61*** 1.33*** 1.34***
  (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1)
Personal characteristics     
Years Since Migration (YSM) 0.42*** 0.42*** 0.23*** 0.23***
  (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03)
YSM-squared -0.01*** -0.01*** -0.01*** -0.01***
  (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001)
Married 0.66*** 0.66*** 0.44*** 0.44***
  (0.07) (0.07) (0.07) (0.07)
Children -0.42*** -0.43*** -0.46*** -0.46***
  (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1)
Own dwelling 0.33*** 0.33*** 0.22*** 0.22***
  (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1)
Observations 6735 6735 6735 6735
Log likelihood -11635.10 -11634.39 -11593.64 -11593.42
Wald Chi(2) 1268.03 1269.25 1370.93 1371.00
AIC 23294.20 23294.78 23215.28 23214.84
  1. Note: Network (weighted ethnic spatial lag `Wy') is treated as an endogenous variable.
  2. (1) Panel Logit estimations.
  3. (2) Standard errors in parentheses.
  4. (3) *p<0.10 **p<0.05 ***p<0.01.