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Table 1 Selected post-September 11, 2001 federal policies targeting Arab and Islamic Americans

From: Stigmatization and racial selection after September 11, 2001: self-identity among Arab and Islamic Americans

Date Policy or action
Within weeks of September 11, 2001 1,200+ Muslim and Arab citizens were arrested and detained.
September 20, 2001 New rule allowing INS to indefinitely detain non-citizens
November 9, 2001 DOJ “issued guidelines for “voluntary” interviews of non-citizen men in the US on nonimmigrant visas from countries suspected of harboring terrorists” (all Arab or Muslim).
November 2001 State department announced it had slowed the process for granting visas to men ages 16-45 from certain Arab and Muslim countries
November 2001 INS announced mass arrests of nonimmigrant students who had violated terms of their visas
National origins of students included only Iran, Syria, Pakistan, Libya, Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan, and Yemen
December 5, 2001 DOJ directs INS round up 6,000 “young Arab men” who had ignored deportation orders.
March 20, 2002 DOJ announces plans to interview another 3,000 Arab and Muslim men for “voluntary” interviews. Men are ages 18 - 33 who have entered the US since September 11, 2001.
August 12, 2002 The fingerprinting and registry initiative announced for persons from select Arab and Muslim countries (Cainkar, 2002a).
On May 26, 2004 Attorney General John Ashcroft and FBI Director Robert Mueller announced that the FBI would launch a new round of nationwide interviews in Muslim communities (American Civil Liberties Union, 2004).
  1. Source: Akram ([2002]) is the primary source for dates and items included in this table.