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Table 3 Descriptive Statistics before and after 9/11

From: Stigmatization and racial selection after September 11, 2001: self-identity among Arab and Islamic Americans

  1994-2001 2002-2012
N 4,136 13,087
Europe 0.0000 0.0230
North Africa 0.1328 0.1217
Sub-Sahara 0.0000 0.0519
West Asia 0.6676 0.5342
Arab West Asia 0.3293 0.2776
Central Asia 0.1996 0.2242
East Asia 0.0000 0.0450
Completed Years of Education 13.51 13.51
Age 39.93 41.05
Male 0.5628 0.5319
Native-born 0.2155 0.2104
White 0.7631 0.6757
Black 0.0168 0.0715
Other-race 0.2200 0.2528
Percentage Anti-Muslim Hate Crimes 0.0052 0.0253
Year of Arrival Pre-1965 0.0493 0.0284
Year of Arrival 1965-1974 0.0898 0.0503
Year of Arrival 1975-1981 0.1888 0.0930
Year of Arrival 1982-1991 0.2626 0.1867
Year of Arrival 1992-2001 0.1940 0.2682
Year of Arrival 2002-2003 0.0000 0.0440
Year of Arrival 2004-2007 0.0000 0.0767
Year of Arrival 2008-2012 0.0000 0.0424
  1. Except Completed Years of Education and North Africa, all intertemporal differences are statistically significant at 1%. North Africa difference is statistically significant at 5 percent. Descriptive statistics are weighted averages.