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Table 6 Relative risk ratios of Arab and Islamic American racial identity selection, by nativity, selected coefficients

From: Stigmatization and racial selection after September 11, 2001: self-identity among Arab and Islamic Americans

  Full sample    Core    DOJ   
Other race Coef. s.e. RRR Coef. s.e. RRR Coef. s.e. RRR
Age -0.017 0.003 0.983 -0.015 0.003 0.985 -0.012 0.003 0.988
Male 0.164 0.055 1.178 0.165 0.060 1.180 0.192 0.063 1.211
Completed Years of Education 0.003 0.009 1.003 0.003 0.010 1.003 0.011 0.010 1.011
Muslim Hate Crimes - Percent 0.035 0.026 1.035 0.031 0.027 1.031 0.035 0.029 1.035
Black          
Age -0.012 0.004 0.988 -0.009 0.004 0.991 -0.002 0.005 0.998
Male 0.069 0.088 1.071 0.076 0.098 1.079 0.174 0.114 1.191
Completed Years of Education -0.093 0.012 0.911 -0.092 0.014 0.912 -0.091 0.016 0.913
muslim_percentage_prepost 0.299 0.054 1.348 0.302 0.055 1.353 0.341 0.068 1.407
All N 15,512    13,489    11,773   
Chi-Square 12,692    8,641    7,748   
p-Value 0.000    0.000    0.000   
Pseudo R2 0.489    0.433    0.442   
Log likelihood -6,642    -5,664    -4,884   
Other race Coef. s.e. RRR Coef. s.e. RRR Coef. s.e. RRR
Age -0.071 0.010 0.932 -0.064 0.011 0.938 -0.062 0.012 0.940
Male -0.015 0.143 0.986 -0.051 0.156 0.950 -0.084 0.168 0.920
Completed Years of Education 0.096 0.028 1.101 0.082 0.030 1.086 0.092 0.032 1.097
Muslim Hate Crimes - Percent 0.143 0.081 1.154 0.156 0.082 1.169 0.121 0.089 1.129
Black          
Age -0.025 0.010 0.975 -0.012 0.012 0.988 -0.005 0.014 0.995
Male 0.196 0.205 1.216 0.128 0.235 1.136 0.223 0.274 1.250
Completed Years of Education -0.033 0.042 0.967 -0.063 0.046 0.939 -0.074 0.051 0.928
Muslim Hate Crimes - Percent 0.516 0.180 1.676 0.544 0.185 1.723 0.606 0.241 1.832
Native-born N 3,175    2,819    2,351   
Chi-Square 1,607    1,308    1,208   
p-Value 0.000    0.000    0.000   
Pseudo R2 0.424    0.419    0.446   
Log likelihood -1,094    -908    -749   
  Full    Core    DOJ   
Other race Coef. s.e. RRR Coef. s.e. RRR Coef. s.e. RRR
Age -0.011 0.003 0.989 -0.011 0.003 0.990 -0.008 0.003 0.992
Male 0.202 0.061 1.224 0.197 0.066 1.218 0.231 0.069 1.259
Completed Years of Education -0.005 0.010 0.995 -0.003 0.010 0.997 0.004 0.011 1.004
Muslim Hate Crimes - Percent 0.011 0.028 1.011 0.013 0.029 1.013 0.024 0.031 1.024
Black          
Age -0.008 0.004 0.992 -0.010 0.005 0.991 -0.003 0.006 0.997
Male 0.048 0.100 1.049 0.087 0.110 1.091 0.176 0.127 1.192
Completed Years of Education -0.095 0.014 0.909 -0.098 0.015 0.907 -0.097 0.018 0.907
Muslim Hate Crimes - Percent 0.267 0.058 1.306 0.268 0.059 1.307 0.310 0.072 1.363
Immigrant N 12,337    10,670    9,422   
Chi-Square 10,975    7,212    6,417   
p-Value 0.000    0.000    0.000   
Pseudo R2 0.505    0.437    0.442   
Log likelihood -5,370    -4,651    -4,051   
  1. Individuals 15-64 years of age, for years 1996-2012. Complete regression also has state fixed effects, ancestral origin controls, year of arrival fixed effects in addition to variables in the table.