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Table 2 Summary statistics

From: “Barcelona or die”: understanding illegal migration from Senegal

Variables Legal migration Illegal migration Total
  (N=222) (N=145) (N=367)
  Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Characteristics       
Male 0.88 0.33 0.88 0.32 0.88 0.33
Age 26.95 08.01 24.45 5.36 25.96 7.18
Married 0.32 0.47 0.17 0.37 0.26 0.44
Child is male 0.88 0.33 0.78 0.42 0.84 0.37
Child is female 0.89 0.31 0.78 0.42 0.85 0.36
Adult is male 0.79 0.41 0.70 0.46 0.75 0.43
Adult is female 0.84 0.37 0.84 0.37 0.84 0.37
Education level       
Low education level 0.33 0.47 0.55 0.50 0.42 0.49
Secondary level 0.27 0.45 0.26 0.44 0.27 0.44
University level 0.24 0.43 0.05 0.22 0.16 0.37
Koranic school 0.16 0.37 0.14 0.35 0.15 0.36
Home owner 0.57 0.50 0.54 0.50 0.56 0.50
Mouride 0.39 0.49 0.54 0.50 0.45 0.50
Ethnic dummies       
Wolof 0.36 0.48 0.30 0.46 0.34 0.47
Lebou 0.16 0.37 0.23 0.42 0.19 0.39
Hal Pular 0.14 0.34 0.08 0.27 0.11 0.32
Serere 0.22 0.41 0.24 0.43 0.23 0.42
Diola 0.05 0.23 0.06 0.23 0.05 0.23
Manjack 0.01 0.09 0.01 0.12 0.01 0.10
Bambara, Mandingue, Sub-region 0.06 0.24 0.08 0.28 0.07 0.26
Region dummies       
Campus 0.17 0.38 0.02 0.14 0.11 0.32
Fass, Medina and Geule tapée 0.11 0.32 0.10 0.31 0.11 0.31
Guédiawaye 0.34 0.48 0.39 0.49 0.36 0.48
Sandaga 0.10 0.30 0.16 0.37 0.12 0.33
Kayar, Thiaroye, Yarakh and Yoff 0.27 0.45 0.33 0.47 0.30 0.46
Expenditure in Senegal 77,684.68 66,006.94 73,604.35 62,840.70 76,054.93 64,698.93
Expenditure in Senegal per capita 20,678.40 15,647.79 22,690.14 18,800.45 21,481.92 16,979.35
Motivations       
Expected foreign wage 1,850,505 7,008,376 1,141,931 1,158,843 1,567,466 5,486,186
Expected foreign wage per capita 1,089,245 6,829,681 600,252.9 1,021,903 893,918 5,332,343
Restrictive immigration policies 0.62 0.49 0.79 0.41 0.68 0.47
Having relatives abroad 0.66 0.48 0.88 0.33 0.74 0.44
Destination and Prices       
Spain preferred 0.18 0.39 0.41 0.49 0.27 0.44
Italy preferred 0.15 0.36 0.26 0.44 0.19 0.39
US preferred 0.31 0.46 0.16 0.37 0.25 0.43
France preferred 0.15 0.36 0.03 0.16 0.10 0.31
United Kingdom preferred 0.06 0.24 0.03 0.18 0.05 0.22
Canada preferred 0.04 0.20 0.01 0.12 0.03 0.17
Anywhere preferred 0.11 0.31 0.10 0.31 0.11 0.31
Visa price      829,785.10 485,625.33
Pirogue price      419,089.91 43,049.96
Embassy price      3,071 603 935,445.5
Migration prices      2,220,254 1,756,592
  1. Note: Amounts are presented in Fcfa and 1 Euro = 655.957 Fcfa.