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Table 2 Characteristics of the estimation sample

From: What active labour market programmes work for immigrants in Europe? A meta-analysis of the evaluation literature

  Short-run estimates Estimates for
  Nordic countries Germany Other countries
1) Estimated programme effect
a) Negative 13 4 1 8
b) Insignificant 48 13 30 5
c) Positive 32 17 12 3
2) ALMP type
a) Training 30 9 13 8
b) Wage subsidy 16 9 3 4
c) Public works 23 5 15 3
d) Services/Sanctions 17 6 10 1
e) Other programmes 7 5 2 0
f) Migrant-specific programme 6 5 0 1
g) General programme 87 29 43 15
3) Programme duration
a) Up to 4 months 25 3 18 4
b) 5 or more months 20 1 15 4
c) Mixed/unknown 48 30 10 8
4) Time evaluated programme ran
a) 1980s 2 2 0 0
b) 1990s 31 15 0 16
c) 2000s 60 17 43 0
5) Method employed
a) Matching 55 4 42 9
b) Duration 29 22 0 7
c) Other method 9 8 1 0
6) Publication status
a) Working paper 65 14 37 14
b) Published 28 20 6 2
Number of estimates 93 34 43 16
  1. Remarks: The table displays absolute numbers. Short-run estimates are defined as effect estimates based on outcomes observed up to two years after programme start. Where there are more than one such short-term estimates, the latest (most long-term) one is sampled. Nordic countries include Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Other countries include the Netherlands and Switzerland.