Skip to main content

Table 3 Distribution of the estimated programme effects in the estimation sample

From: What active labour market programmes work for immigrants in Europe? A meta-analysis of the evaluation literature

  Estimated effect is
  Significantly negative Insignificant Significantly positive
1) ALMP type
a) Training 5 14 11
b) Wage subsidy 2 4 10
c) Public works 5 15 3
d) Services/Sanctions 0 9 8
e) Other programmes 1 6 0
f) Migrant-specific programme 0 4 2
g) General programme 13 44 30
2) Method employed
a) Matching 4 38 13
b) Duration 8 6 15
c) Other method 1 4 4
3) Time evaluated programme ran
a) 1980s 0 0 2
b) 1990s 9 11 11
c) 2000s 4 37 19
4) Programme duration
a) Up to 4 months 2 10 13
b) 5 or more months 5 14 1
c) Mixed/unknown 6 24 18
5) Publication status
a) Working paper 11 35 19
b) Published 2 13 13
Number of estimates 13 48 32
  1. Remarks: The table displays absolute numbers. The numbers relate to short-run estimates, which are defined as effect estimates based on outcomes observed up to two years after programme start. Where there are more than one such short-term estimates, the latest (most long-term) one is sampled.