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Table 4 Estimation results

From: What active labour market programmes work for immigrants in Europe? A meta-analysis of the evaluation literature

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
ALMP type (baseline: training)
Wage subsidy 0.5732 0.6987 1.0664** 1.0561** 1.1301** 0.9855*
  (0.4398) (0.4890) (0.5051) (0.5279) (0.5116) (0.5400)
Public works −0.5024 −0.4879 −0.1016 −0.1287 −0.2983 −0.1835
  (0.3170) (0.3158) (0.3279) (0.4567) (0.4579) (0.4574)
Services/sanctions 0.5002 0.4474 0.342 0.2952 0.2386 0.2475
  (0.3303) (0.3394) (0.3480) (0.3803) (0.4049) (0.3886)
Other programmes −0.5985* −0.6727* −0.5925* −0.6039* −0.9004** −0.7541*
  (0.3271) (0.3678) (0.3490) (0.3627) (0.3530) (0.4108)
Study characteristics (baseline: matching, working paper)
Duration analysis   −0.1694 −0.1524 −0.1252 0.5544 −0.1132
   (0.3715) (0.3919) (0.4024) (0.4542) (0.4054)
Other method   −0.3006 0.0912 0.1477 0.2542 0.1718
   (0.4948) (0.5966) (0.5858) (0.5948) (0.5695)
Published paper   0.6123** 0.7224** 0.7099* 0.9968*** 0.6462*
   (0.2846) (0.2997) (0.3704) (0.3727) (0.3681)
Programme characteristics (baseline: regular ALMP, duration unknown or greater than four months)
Migrant-specific programme    −0.0546 −0.0768 0.0452 −0.0954
    (0.5311) (0.5421) (0.5569) (0.5224)
Short programme (up to 4 months)   0.8051** 0.7990** 0.7728* 0.7464*
    (0.3314) (0.4036) (0.4246) (0.4143)
Sample characteristics (baseline: pooled estimation for men and women, 1980s or 1990s programme)
Separate estimation for males    0.2034 −0.0472 0.2282
     (0.4502) (0.4486) (0.4762)
Separate estimation for females    −0.258 −0.5787 −0.244
     (0.4641) (0.4812) (0.4784)
2000s programme     0.1314 −0.3203 0.1842
     (0.3374) (0.3653) (0.3358)
Contextual controls
Unemployment rate      0.2167***  
      (0.0790)  
GDP growth rate       0.0615
       (0.1074)
Number of observations 93 93 93 93 93 93
Pseudo R-squared 0.0708 0.0925 0.1217 0.1344 0.1777 0.1364
Akaike information criterion 181.9881 184.0131 182.6708 186.3419 180.4334 187.9807
  1. The table displays estimated coefficients of ordered probit models. Heteroskedasticity-robust standard errors in parentheses. The dependent variable takes value 1 for significantly positive estimates, 0 for insignificant and −1 for significantly negative estimates. Unemployment and GDP growth rates are annual rates in % for the year the evaluated programme started. *** denotes p <0.01, ** denotes p <0.05 and * denotes p <0.1.