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Table 2 Estimated robust regressions (Method: M)

From: Impact of internal migration on political participation in Turkey

Independent variables Regression 1 Regression 2 Regression 3
CONSTANT 67.359 (0.00) 50.638 (0.00) 67.781 (0.00)
PRIMARY 0.227 (0.00) 0.128 (0.00) 0.214 (0.00)
HIGHER −0.340 (0.04) −0.265 (0.03) −0.319 (0.08)
UNDER30 0.512 (0.00) 0.092 (0.29) 0.519 (0.00)
OVER60 0.323 (0.03) 0.071 (0.39) 0.330 (0.01)
URBAN 0.049 (0.04) 0.043 (0.01) 0.048 (0.05)
MP −0.344 (0.01) −0.230 (0.02) −0.342 (0.01)
PARTIES −0.698 (0.23) −0.664 (0.13) −0.725 (0.25)
NOCOMPETITION −0.686 (0.30) −0.438 (0.38) −0.700 (0.34)
EMIGRANT −0.113 (0.00) −0.058 (0.00) −0.110 (0.00)
IMMIGRANT −0.072 (0.05) −0.036 (0.18) −0.071 (0.06)
(MP×IMMIGRANT)/100 0.339 (0.09) 0.248 (0.10) 0.335 (0.11)
TURNOUT 2007   0.354 (0.00)  
WEST    0.262 (0.82)
NORTH    0.079 (0.94)
CENTRAL    0.319 (0.74)
R-SQUARE 0.55 0.63 0.55
  1. Notes: The dependent variable is the turnout rate in the 2011 parliamentary election. Definitions of independent variables are given in section 2. Estimates are obtained using the ROBUSTREG procedure of the SAS statistical package with Method = M option. The numbers in parantheses next to the parameter estimates are the probabilities relevant to the chi-square test of whether the associated coefficient is equal to zero.