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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of the sample

From: Why do migrants remit? Testing hypotheses for the case of Morocco

  All households Recipient households Non- recipient households
  Mean Std.Dev. Mean Std.Dev. Mean Std.Dev.
Average household expenditure 56,887 54,560 72,756 59,171 54,025 53,190
Average expenditure per person 13,117 15,098 17,305 15,991 12,362 14,807
Food expenditure 24,441 15,804 24,612 16,222 24,410 15,729
Educational expenditure 2,096 5,782 2,899 5,749 1,993 5,779
Health expenditure 2,786 6,065 2,865 7,149 2,773 5,870
Household size 5.144 2.433 4.942 2.438 5.181 2.430
Age of household head 51.64 14.00 55.93 15.10 50.87 13.65
Household head is a male 0.824 0.380 0.736 0.441 0.841 0.366
Proportion of household members with       
Primary 0.2662 0.232 0.2516 0.236 0.2688 0.231
Middle secondary education 0.1382 0.138 0.1617 0.196 0.1340 0.181
High secondary education 0.0780 0.078 0.0972 0.167 0.0745 0.154
Higher education 0.0492 0.049 0.0494 0.125 0.0492 0.140
Mothers’ education       
Never enrolled 0.746 0 .434 0.676 0 .468 0 .755 0 .429
Primary and middle secondary education 0.190 0 .392 0 .246 0 .431 0.183 0 .387
High secondary education 0.037 0 .190 0.050 0 .219 0.036 0 .185
Higher education 0.025 0 .156 0.026 0.159 0.024 0 .155
Household lives in rural area 0.395 0.489 0.325 0.4687 0.407 0.491
Household owns a land 0.296 0.456 0.268 0.443 0.300 0.458
Household owns a production unit 0.207 0.405 0.207 0.405 0.207 0.405
Proportion of actives 0.366 0.260 0.294 0.257 0.379 0.258
Number of observations 7,062   1,079   5,983  
  1. Source: Moroccan LSMS 2006/07.