# Table 3 Effect of LEP peers on mathematics test scores, Non-LEP students

NL1   NL2   NL3   NL4
Peer Characteristics
% LEP −0.073   −0.071   −0.142 ** −0.140 ***
(0.056)   (0.056)   (0.067)   (0.060)
School % LEP      0.150 **
(0.073)
LEP Herfindahl Index    −0.005   0.008   −0.012 ***
(0.004)   (0.009)   (0.005)
School LEP Herfindahl      −0.015 *
(0.009)
% Female 0.102 *** 0.102 *** 0.102 *** 0.126 ***
(0.030)   (0.030)   (0.030)   (0.036)
% Black −0.135 *** −0.136 *** −0.138 *** −0.147 ***
(0.032)   (0.032)   (0.032)   (0.036)
% Hispanic 0.151 *** 0.155 *** 0.158 *** 0.170 ***
(0.058)   (0.058)   (0.058)   (0.063)
% FRL Student −0.090 *** −0.089 *** −0.090 *** −0.078 ***
(0.019)   (0.019)   (0.019)   (0.022)
% Transfer 0.046 *** 0.046 *** 0.046 *** 0.045 ***
(0.004)   (0.004)   (0.004)   (0.005)
Mean Std. Score −0.099 *** −0.099 *** −0.098 *** −0.110 ***
(0.007)   (0.007)   (0.007)   (0.008)
SD Std. Score −0.028 ** −0.028 ** −0.028 * −0.028 *
(0.014)   (0.014)   (0.014)   (0.017)
Student Characteristics
Last Yr. Std. Score −0.231 *** −0.231 *** −0.231 *** −0.234 ***
(0.002)   (0.002)   (0.002)   (0.002)
FRL Student −0.001   −0.001   −0.001   −0.001
(0.002)   (0.002)   (0.002)   (0.002)
Transferred Schools −0.006 *** −0.006 *** −0.006 *** −0.008 ***
(0.002)   (0.002)   (0.002)   (0.002)
Observations 597,036   597,036   597,036   447,983
Exclude Grades w/o LEPs? No No No Yes
Student Fixed Effects? Yes   Yes   Yes   Yes
School Fixed Effects? Yes   Yes   Yes   Yes
Grade-by-year Fixed Effects? Yes   Yes   Yes   Yes
1. Notes: In addition to the variables shown, each regression also includes control variables for grade size and for the teacher characteristics listed in Table 1. Standard errors clustered at the school + grade + year level (such as Washington Elementary, 3rd Grade, 2008) are in parentheses. *, **, and *** denote statistical significance of a two-sided test at the ten, five, and one-percent levels, respectively.